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Food Trade And Biodiversity Effects

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  • Cecilia Bellora
  • Jean‐Marc Bourgeon

Abstract

Pests create biodiversity effects that increase food production risks and decrease productivity when agricultural production is specialized. Pesticides contain these effects, but damage the environment and human health. When opening to trade, governments are tempted to restrict pesticide use because, with more food being imported, less pesticide is needed for domestic consumption. However, pesticide restrictions hinder the competitiveness of their agricultural sector on international markets. We show that restrictions on pesticides are more stringent under free trade than under autarky, which reduces the gains from trade, and that trade increases food price volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Cecilia Bellora & Jean‐Marc Bourgeon, 2019. "Food Trade And Biodiversity Effects," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 60(4), pages 1957-1999, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:iecrev:v:60:y:2019:i:4:p:1957-1999
    DOI: 10.1111/iere.12408
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/iere.12408
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