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Bank Credit and Economic Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis


  • Nuno Carlos Leitão

    (Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, and CEFAGE, University of Évora, Portugal)


This study examines the link between bank lending and economic growth for European Union (EU-27) for the period 1990 to 2010. We apply a dynamic panel data (GMM-system estimator). This estimator permits to solve the problems of serial correlation, heteroskedasticity and endogeneity for some explanatory variables. As the results show, savings promotes growth. The inflation and bank credit have a negative impact on economic growth as previous studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Carlos Leitão, 2012. "Bank Credit and Economic Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data Analysis," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 2(2), pages 256-267, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wei:journl:v:2:y:2012:i:2:p:256-267

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    Cited by:

    1. Sadaf MAJEED* & Syed Faizan IFTIKHAR** & Zeeshan ATIQ***, 2019. "CREDIT ACTIVITY AND GROWTH PERFORMANCE: Evidence from Panel Data," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 29(1), pages 107-129.
    2. I. Oluwafemi Oni & A. Enisan Akinlo & Elumilade D. Oladepo, 2014. "Impact Of Bank Credit On The Real Sector: Evidence From Nigeria," Global Journal of Business Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 8(3), pages 39-47.
    3. Jerónimo, J. & Azevedo, Assis & Neves, P.C. & Thompson, M., 2023. "Interactions between financial constraints and economic growth," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    4. Aušrinė Lakštutienė & Aida Barkauskaitė, 2016. "Evaluation of relationship between banks lending activities and the economies in Baltic countries," Copernican Journal of Finance & Accounting, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 5(1), pages 141-156.

    More about this item


    Economic Growth; Bank Credit; Panel Data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models


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