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Probation Service as Part of Penitentiary System in the Republic of Macedonia / Služba Probacije Као Deo Kazneno-Popravnog Sistema U Republici Makedoniji

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  • Veljanovska Svetlana

    () (University St. Kliment Ohridski - Bitola, Faculty of Law Rudnička Street, Kičevo, Republic of Macedonia)

Abstract

U delu reforme kazneno-pravnog sistema Republike Makedonije predviđena je i reforma u sistemu za izvršavanje sankcija. Funkcionalan sistem za izvršavanje sankcija u savremenim kazneno-pravnim sistemima podrazumeva kompleksan pristup u kojem pored dimenzije kažnjavanja važnu ulogu imaju i dimenzije reso- cijalizacije i zaštite žrtve. U tom kontekstu ustanovljen je i tzv. sistem probacije. U Republici Makedoniji do sada nije postojao sistem probacije ali njegovi elementi su sadržani u postojećem zakonskom okviru u materijalnim i u procesnim odredbama. Pojedina rešenja prethodnog sustava mogu biti iskorišćena u funk- ciju uspostavljanja kontinuiteta institucionalnog i funkcionalnog nivoa. Polazna tačka uspostavljanja probacije poćinje izmenama i dopunama Krivićnog zakona iz 2004. godine u kojim su u delu krivićne sankcije uvedene alternativne mere: uslovna osuda, uslovna osuda sa zaštitnim nadzorom, uslovni prekid krivićnog postupka, društveno korisni rad, sudska opomena i kućni zatvor. Ciljevi probacije рге svega su usmereni prema kreiranju i razvoju sistema redovne individualizovane procene poćinilaca krivićnih dela, proceni rizika od ponavljanja krivičnog dela, identifikovanju objektivnih i subjektivnih razloga za prethodno kriminalno delovanje, kao i aktivnom i planski osmisljenom uključivanju u zajednicu osobama koji su već odslužile zatvorsku kaznu.

Suggested Citation

  • Veljanovska Svetlana, 2013. "Probation Service as Part of Penitentiary System in the Republic of Macedonia / Služba Probacije Као Deo Kazneno-Popravnog Sistema U Republici Makedoniji," The European Journal of Applied Economics, Sciendo, vol. 10(2), pages 19-23, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:tejoae:v:10:y:2013:i:2:p:19-23:n:7
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