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Disaster Risk Reduction for Earthquake Using Mobile Learning Application to Improve the Students Understanding in Elementary School

Author

Listed:
  • Winarni Endang Widi

    (Elementary Education Department, Education Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia)

  • Purwandari Endina Putri

    (Informatics Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia)

Abstract

Indonesia is located in the ring of fire and frequently hit by tectonic earthquake. Education could be one of the strategic and effective efforts to reduce the earthquake risk. Therefore, there is a need to provide knowledge about the earthquake disaster mitigation, especially in elementary school, and to grow the "Safety Culture" in school. This paper focuses on how the integration of mobile learning application in elementary school could enhance the ability of disaster risk reduction especially for earthquake mitigation in Bengkulu, Indonesia. The type of research was Pre-Experimental Design with one-group pretest-posttest design. Data collection was a test of students' understanding of earthquake disaster mitigation that includes pre-disaster, disaster, and post disaster. The independent variable was learning to use mobile learning application. The dependent variable was students' understanding of earthquake disaster preparedness. The pre-test and post-test results show that the value of t (0.975) for two-tailed test on the distribution of student (t) dk is 58 and obtained t-table is 2,001 and the calculation t is -8.02; therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected. This implies that there is an influence of educational mobile application to the students for earthquake disaster mitigation. The experiment also shows that educational mobile application influences the students understanding about earthquake disaster preparedness. Thus, mobile learning application can be effective tools for earthquake education, because it displays the earthquake information in more interactive manner.

Suggested Citation

  • Winarni Endang Widi & Purwandari Endina Putri, 2018. "Disaster Risk Reduction for Earthquake Using Mobile Learning Application to Improve the Students Understanding in Elementary School," Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Sciendo, vol. 9(2), pages 205-214, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:mjsosc:v:9:y:2018:i:2:p:205-214:n:20
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