IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Niteni, Niroake, Nambahi (3N) Concept in the Learning of Dance in Elementary School


  • Nita Cicilia Ika Rahayu

    (Education of Art Department of Postgraduate Program, Semarang State University, Semarang, Indonesia)

  • Jazuli Muhammad
  • Totok Sumaryanto F.

    (Educations of Dramatic Art, Dance, and Music Department of Postgraduate Program, Semarang State University, Semarang, Indonesia)

  • Sayuti Suminto A.

    (Indonesian Language Departments, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)


Art education at elementary school can serve as the basis of education in shaping the spirit and personality of noble character. At the elementary school level, brain development of children experiences a very fast and real growth. Elementary school is seen as the right agent in the formation of character values because the development of children's brain webs is faster than adult’s. The implication of modern education can reduce the values of character, as modern education is preferred to cognitive achievement. Approaches that use local wisdom will be more easily understood by educators. One of the concepts initiated by Indonesian educational leaders, Ki Hajar Dewantara, that is Niteni, Nirokake, Nambahi (3N) is more easily understood by educators because the concept includes local wisdom values. The purpose of this research is to describe 3N in the learning of dance in elementary school. The study implemented qualitative descriptive method with the aim to reveal facts, circumstances, variables, and phenomena. This study presents the data based on the results of observation, interviews, and documentation. The techniques included data collection, data display, data reduction, and conclusion/verification. The results showed that the learning of dance in elementary school conveys 3N. In addition, teacher's experience can influence students’ learning outcomes and creativity. 3N encompasses N1, N2, and N3. If the 3N stage is not done in accordance with the flow, it will have an effect on the achievement of the learning objectives. This research is still limited to the scope of 3N concept study in the learning of dance in elementary school. Therefore, it is expected that the scope of further research can be developed in other science.

Suggested Citation

  • Nita Cicilia Ika Rahayu & Jazuli Muhammad & Totok Sumaryanto F. & Sayuti Suminto A., 2017. "Niteni, Niroake, Nambahi (3N) Concept in the Learning of Dance in Elementary School," Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Sciendo, vol. 8(5-1), pages 137-142, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:mjsosc:v:8:y:2017:i:5-1:p:137-142:n:16

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Niteni; Niroake; Nambahi; the Learning of Dance;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:vrs:mjsosc:v:8:y:2017:i:5-1:p:137-142:n:16. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Golla). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.