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Religion and Democracy


  • Diima Bogdan

    () (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Blvd. Pestalozzi 16, Timisoara 300115, Romania)

  • Preda Ciipriian

    () (East European Centre for Research in Economics and Business (ECREB), West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Blvd. Pestalozzi 16, Timisoara 300115, Romania)

  • Diima Mariia

    () (Vasile GoldiƟ Western University of Arad, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Mihai Eminescu St. 15, Arad, Romania)


Based on the World Values Surveys 2005 data, measures of different aspects of religion are constructed and tested against various measures of democracy on a cross-national level for a set of 41 countries. The analyses reveal that there are some significant inter-linkages between the involved variables; however, the religious variables act in a nonuniform manner on the explanatory ones. We conclude that both conceptual and empirical arguments support the idea of democracy viewed as a religious dependent variable.

Suggested Citation

  • Diima Bogdan & Preda Ciipriian & Diima Mariia, 2014. "Religion and Democracy," Journal of Heterodox Economics, Sciendo, vol. 1(1), pages 31-53, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:joheec:v:1:y:2014:i:1:p:31-53:n:2

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