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The Economic Impact of Technology Transfer in Developing Countries


  • Mariacristina Piva

    (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali, Università Cattolica, Sede di Piacenza)


The aim of this paper is to offer an updated survey of theoretical models and empirical studies analysing the impact of technology transfer in developing countries. The transfer of technology from developed to developing countries depends on trade liberalization and internationalization of production through various channels. A critical discussion will be presented comparing the positive implications of technology transfers (positive spillovers, technological catching-up, growing complementarities with domestic firms) with negative implications (displacement of workers, negative welfare implications, competitive effects with domestic firms). Moreover the nature of transferred technologies together with the different institutional ‘absorptive capacities’ and sectoral specializations will be considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariacristina Piva, 2004. "The Economic Impact of Technology Transfer in Developing Countries," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 112(4), pages 433-469.
  • Handle: RePEc:vep:journl:y:2004:v:112:i:4:p:433-469

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    technology transfer; developing countries; productivity; employment; income distribution.;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology


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