Smallholder Wood Production and Population Pressure in East Africa: Evidence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve?
The incentives for growing fuelwood on small farms are examined using survey data from Kenya. The analysis finds that tree planting is a competitive activity and that farmers are responsive to incentives to plant trees. These incentives vary across households facing different factor availabilities and market opportunities. The existence of a persistent fuelwood "gap," and the notion that population pressure will lead to declining tree cover, are not supported by the analysis. A simulation model indicates that as land continues to be subdivided tree cover may actually rise, a result consistent with other evidence of an "environmental Kuznets curve."
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