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Long-Term Employment and Earnings of Women in Relation to Employment Behavior Surrounding the First Birth

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  • David Shapiro
  • Frank L. Mott

Abstract

Focusing on a group of women from the National Longitudinal Surveys who had a first birth between 1968 and 1973, this paper examines the post-birth work experience of these women up through 1987 as well as their employment and earnings in 1987 in relation to their employment activity in the period immediately surrounding the first birth. Early employment behavior is a significant independent predictor of lifetime work experience. Differences in work behavior according to first-birth employment are still evident 14-19 years after the first birth, particularly for women who returned to work within six months following the birth. The corresponding differences in lifetime work experience result in higher wages.

Suggested Citation

  • David Shapiro & Frank L. Mott, 1994. "Long-Term Employment and Earnings of Women in Relation to Employment Behavior Surrounding the First Birth," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 248-275.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:29:y:1994:ii:1:p:248-275
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