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Linkages between the U.S. and Asia-Pacific Exchange Traded Funds (ETF) Markets: Evidence from the 2007-2008 Global Financial Crisis


  • Bum Suk Kim

    () (School of Global Business, Far East University, Wangjang, Kamgok, Eumsung, Chungbuk, South Korea 369-700)


This paper examines co-integration and spillover effects between U.S. and Asia-Pacific stock markets using nine Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) over the period from 7 January 2004 to 30 September 2010, with sub-samples of before and after the 2007–2008 global financial crisis. The nine ETFs include: SPDR, TOPIX, KODEX200 (KODEX), Tracker Fund of Hong Kong (TraHK), Polaris Taiwan Top 50 Tracker Fund (TT), SPDR S&P/ASX 200 Fund (STW), StreetTRACKS Straits Times Index Fund (STI), SmartFONZ (FNZ), and China 50 ETF. The co-integration analysis shows that there is a co-integration relationship between SPDR and TraHK, STW, STI, and FNZ before and after the global financial crisis. However, TOPIX shows little co-integration relationship with SPDR. In the case of KODEX and TT, no co-integration relationship is found before the crisis; however, it is found after the crisis. Before the crisis, SPDR co-integrated with China 50, but after the crisis the co-integration relationship weakened. The Granger causality tests indicate that, although U.S. stock markets lead Asia-Pacific stock markets, Asia-Pacific stock markets do not exert the same influence. GARCH tests show that there are significant spillover effects between the U.S. and Asia-Pacific stock markets. This paper confirms the fact that, since the 2007–2008 global financial crisis, the degree of co-integration and spillover effects has generally grown stronger.

Suggested Citation

  • Bum Suk Kim, 2011. "Linkages between the U.S. and Asia-Pacific Exchange Traded Funds (ETF) Markets: Evidence from the 2007-2008 Global Financial Crisis," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance (AAMJAF), Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 7(1), pages 53-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:usm:journl:aamjaf00701_53-72

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    Cited by:

    1. Trofimov, Ivan D., 2013. "Nonparametric approach to portfolio diversification: the case of Australian equity market," MPRA Paper 79562, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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