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The Bolivarian Project: The restitution of both the Andean and the October cycles


  • Ramón Rivas-Aguilar

    () (Universidad de Los Andes, Facultad de Humanidades y Educación.)


The main objective of this paper is to examine the historical importance of both the “Andean cycle” (1899-1945) and the “October cycle” (1945-1948 y 1958-1989) in order to determine the checks and balances between both of them and the new Bolivarian cycle started 1999. The paper contains four sections. In the first one, it explains the political, economic and ideological aspects of both the “Andean cycle” and the “October cycle”. In the second one, it determines the checks and balances between the Andean and the October cycle. In the third one, the paper investigates the Bolivarian project considered from the point of view of the Andean and October cycles. Finally, it examines the concept of cycle as a concept that will allow us to deal with these political processes from the origin and destiny point of view.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramón Rivas-Aguilar, 2007. "The Bolivarian Project: The restitution of both the Andean and the October cycles," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 32(24), pages 45-66, july-dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:ula:econom:v:32:y:2007:i:24:p:45-66

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John M. Abowd & Orley C. Ashenfelter, 1981. "Anticipated Unemployment, Temporary Layoffs, and Compensating Wage Differentials," NBER Chapters,in: Studies in Labor Markets, pages 141-170 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. repec:pri:indrel:dsp01fx719m450 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Charles Brown, 1980. "Equalizing Differences in the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 94(1), pages 113-134.
    4. Bernhardt, Annette, et al, 1999. "Trends in Job Instability and Wages for Young Adult Men," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 65-90, October.
    5. Ehrenberg, Ronald G. & Schwarz, Joshua L., 1987. "Public-sector labor markets," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 22, pages 1219-1260 Elsevier.
    6. repec:fth:prinin:137 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Price V. Fishback, 1998. "Operations of "Unfettered" Labor Markets: Exit and Voice in American Labor Markets at the Turn of the Century," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(2), pages 722-765, June.
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    More about this item


    Economic history; Venezuela; Latin America.;

    JEL classification:

    • N0 - Economic History - - General
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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