Question Of Formation Of Industry Development Strategy, Policy And Mechanisms Of Its Realization
Based on methodology of strategic management, we elaborated conceptual positions of Ukrainian industry development strategy. As a mission of industry it is suggested to count creation of material and technical base necessary for implementation of country mission on whole. Thus mission of country is differentiated depending on its possible role in world, in Europe, in regard to an own population. We identified strategic, structural and technological industry development priorities. We set forth basic provisions of forming the state strategic planning system, which is seen as the organizational-economic mechanism of implementation of strategy. To directions of reformation of Ukrainian industry are included: optimization of industrial production structure with its reorientation on necessities of internal market and implementation of country mission; technological modernisation of production; finding additional sources of the investment providing structural and technological changes in industry. To provide of structural changes and technological modernisation it is suggested to unite possibilities of two models of industrial politics. In particular to use a vertical model as basic and most answering the state and stage of economy development, horizontal as complementary development of separate spheres, in particular innovative and entrepreneurial. We proved expediency of use of government order and state companies of holding type is reasonable as key elements of vertical model of politics for creation of new markets and stimulation of productions closing on itself inter-branch technological chains. It is shown that realization of technological modernisation in present economic and institutional environment is most acceptable on the basis of the technological borrowing. We proposed measures of tax and budgetary stimulation of structural and technological changes and activation of investment and innovative processes. We specified reserves of increase of volumes of resources on the basic constituents of investments financing sources.
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