A Huge Social Inequality: Theoretical And Ethical Aspects
Theoretical and ethical problems of social inequality are analyzed in connection with recently published estimations of Ukraine citizens inequality on stores (about 20 million times, general inequality) and on incomes (more then 50 thousands times, from the average income). The known technologies of inequality evaluations – Gini-Lorenz method and the method of deciles intervals were subjected to critical analysis. Methodological basis for correct inequality calculation on incomes and on stores was considered, foremost a decision the problem of socio-economic space topology. A realistic evaluation of inequality is possible from the assumption that socio-economic space is almost one-dimensional and that a society is represented by three objective social groups: surviving, living in prosperity, and staying in hierarchy. A more precise formula is proposed: general inequality of the national market participants on stores in times (in the number of times) is close to number of economically active people. Objectivity and insuperability of huge inequality on stores are motivated. Superfluity of inequality on incomes in respect to optimal calculated value is also motivated. The responsibility of specialists in humanities for adequate and rapid creation a theory of social inequality is emphasized. Conditions of historical reducing of inequality on incomes are discussed in details as the task of civilizational scale. A final goal of monetary inequality reduction – businessmen pushing out from destructive unbridled consumption of cash many to constructive management of non-cash flows of material and financial resources is discussed too.
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