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Estabilidad en la desigualdad. Chile 1990-2003

  • Osvaldo Larrañaga
  • Juan Pablo Valenzuela
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    Este estudio mide los impactos de los cambios en los determinantes de los ingresos en la desigualdad en el período entre 1990 y 2003, con el objeto de responder la pregunta sobre por qué la distribución del ingreso como un todo no ha cambiado. La metodología utilizada es microsimulaciones de la distribución de ingresos, que es la técnica más apropiada para analizar la relación entre cambios en los factores determinantes y cambios en la desigualdad de ingresos. Se analiza el rol de los retornos, las tasas de participación, decisiones ocupacionales, dotaciones de escolaridad, subsidios, pensiones y el tamaño de los hogares. La inercia mostrada por la desigualdad refleja la interrelación de factores que se cancelan unos a otros, otros que operan lentamente en el tiempo, y la emergencia de nuevos desarrollos que afectan la distribución. Además, no se observan claras indicaciones de que esta situación cambie en los próximos años. Un progreso en esta área requerirá una política pública más activa que en el pasado.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/0f9d2c00f17c9bbf5db8ec7ea625c1db35881af7.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 Year 2011 (June)
    Pages: 295-329

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:38:y:2011:i:1:p:295-329
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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