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Comercio, tipo de cambio real y crecimiento económico

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  • Enrique R.Casares

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Abstract

Se desarrolla un modelo de crecimiento endógeno con tres bienes, exportable, importado y no-comerciable. Se estudia la respuesta del tipo de cambio real y de la tasa de crecimiento de la economía a una disminución de la tasa arancelaria. Se muestra que una liberalización comercial debe ir acompañada de una depreciación del tipo de cambio real. Se deduce que la tasa de crecimiento de la economía se incrementa en el largo plazo. Se argumenta que la economía mexicana no siguió este comportamiento en el periodo posterior a la liberalización comercial dando por resultado un deficiente crecimiento económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique R.Casares, 2007. "Comercio, tipo de cambio real y crecimiento económico," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(1 Year 20), pages 21-36, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:34:y:2007:i:1:p:21-36
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sector exportador; learning by doing; tipo de cambio real y crecimiento.;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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