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¿Cazabobos o salvavidas? : la economía política de los fotorradares en Chile

Listed author(s):
  • Ricardo D.Paredes
  • Luis I.Rizzi
  • Javier Valenzuela


La mayoría de los 1.600 muertos anuales por accidentes de tránsito en Chile se relaciona con el exceso de velocidad. Una herramienta de control de velocidad, el fotorradar, puesta en uso a mediados de la década de 1990, fue abrupta y prácticamente prohibida por una ley que se promulgó sobre la base de que ellos “eran cazabobos”, es decir, eran usados básicamente para incrementar los ingresos de privados y municipios y no para reducir los accidentes. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las causas y consecuencias de la eliminación del uso de fotorradares en Chile. En particular, se desea contrastar si la evidencia es más consistente con la hipótesis de que los fotorradares fueron usados como cazabobos, o por el contrario, constituían una herramienta de prevención y reducción de accidentes. Concluimos que la evidencia es más consistente con la segunda hipótesis, y que el término del uso del fotorradar está generando importantes pérdidas humanas asociadas a los accidentes. Dependiendo del método de Classification-JEL: D61, L91.

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 33 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2006 (December)
Pages: 97-116

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:33:y:2006:i:2:p:97-116
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  1. Paredes, Ricardo D & Sanchez, Jose Miguel, 2004. "Government Concession Contracts in Chile: The Role of Competition in the Bidding Process," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 215-234, October.
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