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Managing capital inflows in Chile

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  • Manuel Agosin
  • Ricardo French-Davis

Abstract

This paper characterizes the surge of foreign capital inflows into Chile in the 1990s, it describes the policies to deal with these inflows, and analyzes the results of the policy mix used in terms of effectiveness with which flows were managed and effects on growth and investment. About 60 per cent of the flows have been foreign direct investment (FDI), the remainder being a mix of portfolio inflows, short-term credit, and longer-term borrowing, basically by banks and large domestic firms. The policies adopted have included the imposition of an unremunerated reserve requirement on all financial inflows (excluding FDI), active sterilized intervention on foreign exchange markets to prevent undue appreciation of the peso, and the use of a sliding exchange rate band. These policies appear to have prevented an even larger surge of foreign capital, have kept real exchange rate appreciation within bounds, and are partly responsible for the country’s positive growth performance. However; they have

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Agosin & Ricardo French-Davis, 1997. "Managing capital inflows in Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 24(2 Year 19), pages 297-326, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:24:y:1997:i:2:p:297-326
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    Cited by:

    1. Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo & Villar Gómez, Leonardo, 2006. "Real macroeconomic stability and the capital account in Chile and Colombia," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1894, December.
    2. K.S. Jomo & Ilene Grabel & Gerald Epstein, 2003. "Capital Management Techniques In Developing Countries: An Assessment of Experiences From the 1990s and Lessons for the Future," Working Papers wp56, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    3. Jean-Pierre Allegret, 2000. "Quel role pour les controles des mouvements internationaux de capitaux ?," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 81, pages 77-108.
    4. José Antonio Ocampo, 2000. "Recasting the International Financial Agenda," SCEPA working paper series. SCEPA's main areas of research are macroeconomic policy, inequality and poverty, and globalization. 2000-18, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School.
    5. Gerald EPSTEIN & Ilene GRABEL & JOMO K.S., 2004. "Capital Management Techniques In Developing Countries: An Assessment Of Experiences From The 1990s And Lessons From The Future," G-24 Discussion Papers 27, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
    6. repec:mbr:jmonec:v:5:y:2009:i:1:p:113-144 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Aaron Tornell & Andrés Velasco, 1996. "Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: The Lessons from 1995," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(1), pages 147-216.
    8. Ocampo, José Antonio, 2003. "Capital-account and counter-cyclical prudential regulations in developing countries," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1796, December.
    9. Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo & Larraín, Guillermo, 2003. "How optimal are the extremes?: Latin American exchange rate policies during the Asian crisis," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1797, December.
    10. Guillermo Le Fort & Sergio Lehmann, 2000. "El Encaje, los Flujos de Capitales y el Gasto: Una Evaluación empírica," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 64, Central Bank of Chile.
    11. Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo, 2003. "Financial crisis and national policy issues: an overview," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1785, December.
    12. Heymann, Daniel, 2000. "Major macroeconomic disturbances, expectations and policy responses," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    13. Franklin Huaita & Manuel Agosín Trumper, 2007. "Why Should Emerging-Market Countries (Still) Concern Themselves With Capital Inflows?," Working Papers wp268, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    14. Tremblay, Rodrigue, 2000. "Les facteurs déclencheurs des crises financières internationales," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 76(3), pages 423-436, septembre.
    15. Peter Kenen, 1996. "Analyzing and managing exchange-rate crises," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 469-492, March.
    16. Moritz Cruz & Bernard Walters, 2008. "Is the accumulation of international reserves good for development?," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(5), pages 665-681, September.
    17. Ricardo Ffrench-Davis & Manuel R. Agosin, 1999. "Capital flows in Chile: from the tequila to the Asian crises," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(1), pages 121-139.
    18. Goyal, Ashima, 2002. "Reform proposals from developing Asia: finding a win-win strategy," MPRA Paper 30527, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Agosin, Manuel R., 2001. "Strengthening regional financial cooperation," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    20. C. Dow, 1998. "The importance of banks, the quality of credit and the international financial order: reflections on the present crisis in South East Asia," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 51(207), pages 371-386.
    21. C. Dow, 1998. "The importance of banks, the quality of credit and the international financial order: reflections on the present crisis in South East Asia," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 51(207), pages 371-386.
    22. Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, 2008. "From Financieristic To Real Macroeconomics: Seeking Development Convergence In Ees," Working Papers wp272, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    23. Kletzer, Kenneth M., 2000. "The effectiveness of self-protection policies for safeguarding emerging market economies from crises," ZEI Working Papers B 08-2000, University of Bonn, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies.
    24. Montes, M.F., 1996. "Country Responses to Massive Capital Flows," Research Paper 121, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
    25. Cuñat, Vicente & Gonzalez-Iturriaga, Claudio, 2005. "Shocks to the cost of borrowing and capital structure," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 43165, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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    Keywords

    Foreign capital inflows; investment.;

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