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Características y funcionamiento de los mercado de trabajo en Argentina

  • Carlos E. Sánchez
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    Para el adecuado entendimiento de las características y operación del mercado laboral en Argentina, se requiere de un adecuado entendimiento de las estrategias de desarrollo seguidas por el país y de las consecuencias de éstas sobre el crecimiento. Aspectos institucionales tales como políticas y regulaciones gubernamentales junto con las actividades de los sindicatos también son relevantes, especialmente en el análisis de corto plazo. Se argumenta aquí, que el estancamiento de largo plazo de Argentina es el resultado esperado de una estrategia de desarrollo basada en la sustitución de importaciones. Esta estrategia produce una distorsión en los precios relativos que provoca una estructura de producción fuertemente sesgada hacia el mercado interno, es decir, produce un fuerte sesgo antiexportador. Esto creó un impedimento para el crecimiento sostenido de la economía, que se origina del conflicto entre la estructura productiva y el desarrollo del comercio exterior. Se denomina el “conflicto comercio e

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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/f30ed302-a5c7-4650-b132-643786af3b7a.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 15 (1988)
    Issue (Month): 1 Year 1988 (April)
    Pages: 157-204

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:15:y:1988:i:1:p:157-204
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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