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The Subjective and Objective Evaluation of Incentive Stock Options

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  • Jonathan E. Ingersoll, Jr.

    (Yale School of Management)

Abstract

Owners of incentive options invariably hold undiversified portfolios. This paper derives a model for the subjective and objective values of such options. The subjective value—the value to the holder—is less than the market value because the option is held in an undiversified portfolio and because it is exercised suboptimally from the market perspective. The objective value is the cost to the firm of issuing the option and lies between the market and subjective values. This value recognizes the suboptimal exercise but not the undiversified discount. The model, which is the Black-Scholes model with modified parameters, is simple to use.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonathan E. Ingersoll, Jr., 2006. "The Subjective and Objective Evaluation of Incentive Stock Options," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(2), pages 453-488, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:79:y:2006:i:2:p:453-488
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/499128
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Optimal 10b5-1 Monetization
      by quantivity in Quantivity on 2011-09-27 12:02:52

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    Cited by:

    1. L. Rogers & José Scheinkman, 2007. "Optimal exercise of executive stock options," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 357-372, July.
    2. Carola Frydman & Dirk Jenter, 2010. "CEO Compensation," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 2(1), pages 75-102, December.
    3. Carmona, Julio & León, Angel & Vaello-Sebastià, Antoni, 2012. "Does stock return predictability affect ESO fair value?," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 223(1), pages 188-202.
    4. Hodder, James E. & Jackwerth, Jens Carsten, 2011. "Managerial responses to incentives: Control of firm risk, derivative pricing implications, and outside wealth management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1507-1518, June.

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