Do Boards Affect Performance? Evidence from Corporate Restructuring
We examine the effect of board composition on the restructuring activities of a sample of 94 firms that experienced a material decline in performance. We document that firms with a majority of outside directors on the board are more likely to initiate asset restructuring and employee layoffs and that the reduction in the scale of operations is larger for these firms than firms without a majority of outside directors. We also find subsequent improvements in operating performance for firms with a majority of outside directors that restructure and conclude that board composition has a material impact on corporate performance.
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