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A Comparison of Transaction Costs between Competitive Market Maker and Specialist Market Structures

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  • Neal, Robert

Abstract

This study compares bid-ask spreads for equity options in two market structures: the American Stock Exchange specialist structure and the Chicago Board Options Exchange competitive market maker structure. When trading volume is low, the specialist structure is associated with significantly smaller spreads. As volume rises, this difference appears to diminish. These results are consistent with those of S. Grossman and M. Miller (1988). Copyright 1992 by University of Chicago Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Neal, Robert, 1992. "A Comparison of Transaction Costs between Competitive Market Maker and Specialist Market Structures," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(3), pages 317-334, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:65:y:1992:i:3:p:317-34
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    Cited by:

    1. C. V. Helliar & R. Michaelson & D. M. Power & C. D. Sinclair, 2000. "Using a portfolio management game (Finesse) to teach finance," Accounting Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 37-51.
    2. Levin, Eric J. & Wright, Robert E., 2004. "Estimating the profit markup component of the bid-ask spread: evidence from the London Stock Exchange," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 1-19, February.
    3. Paul Brockman & Dennis Y. Chung, 1999. "Bid-Ask Spread Components In An Order-Driven Environment," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 22(2), pages 227-246, June.
    4. Anand, Amber & Chakravarty, Sugato & Chuwonganant, Chairat, 2009. "Cleaning house: Stock reassignments on the NYSE," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 727-753, November.
    5. Erik Theissen, 2002. "Floor versus Screen Trading: Evidence from the German Stock Market," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 158(1), pages 1-32, March.
    6. Krause, Andreas, 2005. "Optimal stock allocation in specialist markets," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 23-39, March.
    7. Wu, Wei-Shao & Liu, Yu-Jane & Lee, Yi-Tsung & Fok, Robert C.W., 2014. "Hedging costs, liquidity, and inventory management: The evidence from option market makers," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 25-48.
    8. Ledenyov, Dimitri O. & Ledenyov, Viktor O., 2015. "Wave function method to forecast foreign currencies exchange rates at ultra high frequency electronic trading in foreign currencies exchange markets," MPRA Paper 67470, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. William G. Christie & Paul H. Schultz, 1995. "Policy Watch: Did Nasdaq Market Makers Implicitly Collude?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 199-208, Summer.
    10. Theissen, Erik, 2000. "Market structure, informational efficiency and liquidity: An experimental comparison of auction and dealer markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 333-363, November.
    11. Frino, Alex & Gerace, Dionigi & Lepone, Andrew, 2008. "Liquidity in auction and specialist market structures: Evidence from the Italian bourse," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2581-2588, December.
    12. Nimalendran, M. & Petrella, Giovanni, 2003. "Do 'thinly-traded' stocks benefit from specialist intervention?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 1823-1854, September.
    13. Anand, Amber, 2005. "Specialist: The firm or the individual?: Empirical evidence from the options markets," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 57(6), pages 555-575.
    14. Louis K. C. Chan & Josef Lakonishok, 1995. "A Cross-Market Comparison of Institutional Equity Trading Costs," NBER Working Papers 5374, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Anand, Amber & Weaver, Daniel G., 2006. "The value of the specialist: Empirical evidence from the CBOE," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 100-118, May.
    16. Lucy F. Ackert & Bryan K. Church, 1998. "Competitiveness and price setting in dealer markets," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q 3, pages 4-11.
    17. Pinder, Sean, 2003. "An empirical examination of the impact of market microstructure changes on the determinants of option bid-ask spreads," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 563-577.
    18. Amber Anand & Carsten Tanggaard & Daniel G. Weaver, 2007. "Paying for Market Quality," CREATES Research Papers 2007-04, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    19. Aitken, Michael & Frino, Alex, 1996. "Execution costs associated with institutional trades on the Australian Stock Exchange," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 45-58, May.
    20. Loistl, Otto & Schossmann, Bernd & Vetter, Olaf, 2001. "Xetra efficiency evaluation and NASDAQ modelling by KapSyn," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 135(2), pages 270-295, December.
    21. Jaeram Lee & Doojin Ryu, 2016. "Asymmetric Mispricing and Regime-dependent Dynamics in Futures and Options Markets," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 47-65, March.
    22. Patrick De Fontnouvelle & Raymond P. H. Fishe & Jeffrey H. Harris, 2003. "The Behavior of Bid-Ask Spreads and Volume in Options Markets during the Competition for Listings in 1999," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(6), pages 2437-2464, December.
    23. Anand, Amber & Karagozoglu, Ahmet K., 2006. "Relative performance of bid-ask spread estimators: Futures market evidence," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 231-245, July.

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