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A Comparison of Transaction Costs between Competitive Market Maker and Specialist Market Structures

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  • Neal, Robert

Abstract

This study compares bid-ask spreads for equity options in two market structures: the American Stock Exchange specialist structure and the Chicago Board Options Exchange competitive market maker structure. When trading volume is low, the specialist structure is associated with significantly smaller spreads. As volume rises, this difference appears to diminish. These results are consistent with those of S. Grossman and M. Miller (1988). Copyright 1992 by University of Chicago Press.

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  • Neal, Robert, 1992. "A Comparison of Transaction Costs between Competitive Market Maker and Specialist Market Structures," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(3), pages 317-334, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:65:y:1992:i:3:p:317-34
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    1. C. V. Helliar & R. Michaelson & D. M. Power & C. D. Sinclair, 2000. "Using a portfolio management game (Finesse) to teach finance," Accounting Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 37-51.
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    3. Anand, Amber & Weaver, Daniel G., 2006. "The value of the specialist: Empirical evidence from the CBOE," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 100-118, May.
    4. Lucy F. Ackert & Bryan K. Church, 1998. "Competitiveness and price setting in dealer markets," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q 3, pages 4-11.
    5. Pinder, Sean, 2003. "An empirical examination of the impact of market microstructure changes on the determinants of option bid-ask spreads," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 563-577.
    6. Levin, Eric J. & Wright, Robert E., 2004. "Estimating the profit markup component of the bid-ask spread: evidence from the London Stock Exchange," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 1-19, February.
    7. Paul Brockman & Dennis Y. Chung, 1999. "Bid-Ask Spread Components In An Order-Driven Environment," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 22(2), pages 227-246, June.
    8. Anand, Amber & Chakravarty, Sugato & Chuwonganant, Chairat, 2009. "Cleaning house: Stock reassignments on the NYSE," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 727-753, November.
    9. Erik Theissen, 2002. "Floor versus Screen Trading: Evidence from the German Stock Market," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 158(1), pages 1-32, March.
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    20. Frino, Alex & Gerace, Dionigi & Lepone, Andrew, 2008. "Liquidity in auction and specialist market structures: Evidence from the Italian bourse," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 2581-2588, December.
    21. Nimalendran, M. & Petrella, Giovanni, 2003. "Do 'thinly-traded' stocks benefit from specialist intervention?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(9), pages 1823-1854, September.
    22. Anand, Amber, 2005. "Specialist: The firm or the individual?: Empirical evidence from the options markets," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 57(6), pages 555-575.

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