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Prepayment, Default, and the Valuation of Mortgage Pass-through Securities

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  • Schwartz, Eduardo S
  • Torous, Walter N

Abstract

This article investigates the interaction of prepayment and default decisions in the valuation of mortgage pass-through securities. Even though a mortgage pass-through security is typically guaranteed by a financial intermediary, default decisions affect the timing of its cash flows and, therefore, its value. The authors also investigate the equilibrium valuation of the default insurance provided by the financial intermediary. The equilibrium insurance fee varies with prevailing interest rates, with prepayment possibilities, and, most significantly, with the volatility and value of the underlying mortgaged house. To the extent that a fixed insurance fee is charged, the authors' analysis suggests that default insurance is not properly priced. Copyright 1992 by University of Chicago Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Schwartz, Eduardo S & Torous, Walter N, 1992. "Prepayment, Default, and the Valuation of Mortgage Pass-through Securities," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(2), pages 221-239, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jnlbus:v:65:y:1992:i:2:p:221-39
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    Cited by:

    1. Dai, Min & Kwok, Yue Kuen & You, Hong, 2007. "Intensity-based framework and penalty formulation of optimal stopping problems," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 3860-3880, December.
    2. Sumit Agarwal & Richard J. Rosen & Vincent Yao, 2016. "Why Do Borrowers Make Mortgage Refinancing Mistakes?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 62(12), pages 3494-3509, December.
    3. repec:wsi:ijfexx:v:04:y:2017:i:02n03:n:s2424786317500232 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Archer, Wayne R. & Ling, David C. & McGill, Gary A., 1996. "The effect of income and collateral constraints on residential mortgage terminations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3-4), pages 235-261, June.
    5. Mikhail Chernov & Brett R. Dunn & Francis A. Longstaff, 2016. "Macroeconomic-Driven Prepayment Risk and the Valuation of Mortgage-Backed Securities," NBER Working Papers 22096, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Cerrato, Mario & Djennad, Abdelmadjid, 2008. "Dynamic Option Adjusted Spread and the Value of Mortgage Backed Securities (Draft 1)," SIRE Discussion Papers 2008-02, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    7. Archer, Wayne R. & Ling, David C. & McGill, Gary A., 1997. "Demographic versus Option-Driven Mortgage Terminations," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 137-163, June.
    8. Chiang, Shu Ling & Yang, Tyler T. & Tsai, Ming Shann, 2016. "Assessing mortgage servicing rights using a reduced-form model: Considering the effects of interest rate risks, prepayment and default risks, and random state variables," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 29-46.
    9. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:433-447 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Posey, Lisa L. & Yavas, Abdullah, 2001. "Adjustable and Fixed Rate Mortgages as a Screening Mechanism for Default Risk," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 54-79, January.
    11. Charlier, E. & van Bussel, A., 2001. "Prepayment Behavior of Dutch Mortgagors : An Empirical Analysis," Discussion Paper 2001-64, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    12. Cerrato, Mario & Djennad, Abdelmadjid, 2009. "Dynamic Option Adjusted Spread and the Value of Mortgage Backed Securities (Draft 2)," SIRE Discussion Papers 2009-21, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    13. Lee, Jae Ha & Stock, Duane R., 2000. "Embedded options and interest rate risk for insurance companies, banks and other financial institutions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 169-187.
    14. Werner Hürlimann, 2012. "Valuation of fixed and variable rate mortgages: binomial tree versus analytical approximations," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 35(2), pages 171-202, November.
    15. David Harrison & Michael Seiler, 2015. "The Paradox of Judicial Foreclosure: Collateral Value Uncertainty and Mortgage Rates," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 377-411, April.
    16. Chang, Chia-Chien, 2014. "Valuation of Mortgage Insurance Contracts with Counterparty Default Risk: Reduced-Form Approach," ASTIN Bulletin: The Journal of the International Actuarial Association, Cambridge University Press, vol. 44(02), pages 303-334, May.
    17. Ana Manola & Branko Uroševic, 2010. "Option-Based Valuation Of Mortgage-Backed Securities," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 55(186), pages 42-66, July – Se.
    18. Sumit Agarwal & John C. Driscoll & David I. Laibson, 2013. "Optimal Mortgage Refinancing: A Closed‐Form Solution," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(4), pages 591-622, June.
    19. Abraham, Jesse M. & Theobald, H. Scott, 1997. "A Simple Prepayment Model of Commercial Mortgages," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 31-59, March.
    20. Kim Changki, 2005. "Surrender Rate Impacts on Asset Liability Management," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-36, June.
    21. Mallick, Indrajit, 2002. "Collateral Monitoring and Bank Regulation," MPRA Paper 32864, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Andreas D. Christopoulos & Robert A. Jarrow & Yildiray Yildirim, 2008. "Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities (CMBS) and Market Efficiency with Respect to Costly Information," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 36(3), pages 441-498, September.
    23. Harding, John P., 2000. "Mortgage Valuation with Optimal Intertemporal Refinancing Strategies," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 233-266, December.
    24. Chia-Chien Chang & Min-Teh Yu, 2017. "Valuing Vulnerable Mortgage Insurance Under Capital Forbearance," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 54(4), pages 558-578, May.
    25. Eickholt, Mathias & Entrop, Oliver & Wilkens, Marco, 2014. "Individual investors and suboptimal early exercises in the fixed-income market," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe 14, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.

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