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Estimating the Effects of Length of Exposure to Instruction in a Training Program: The Case of Job Corps

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos A. Flores

    (University of Miami)

  • Alfonso Flores-Lagunes

    (State University of New York at Binghamton and IZA)

  • Arturo Gonzalez

    (U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and IZA)

  • Todd C. Neumann

    (University of California, Merced)

Abstract

We semiparametrically estimate average causal effects of different lengths of exposure to academic and vocational instruction in the Job Corps (JC) under the assumption that selection into different lengths is based on a rich set of observed covariates and time-invariant factors. We find that the estimated effects on future earnings increase in the length of exposure and that the marginal effects of additional instruction decrease with length of exposure. We also document differences in the estimated effects across demographic groups, which are particularly large between males and females. Finally, our results suggest an important lock-in effect in JC training. No rights reserved. This work was authored as part of the Contributor's official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 U.S.C. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under U.S. law..

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos A. Flores & Alfonso Flores-Lagunes & Arturo Gonzalez & Todd C. Neumann, 2012. "Estimating the Effects of Length of Exposure to Instruction in a Training Program: The Case of Job Corps," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(1), pages 153-171, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:94:y:2012:i:1:p:153-171
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    Cited by:

    1. Michela Bia & Carlos A. Flores & Alfonso Flores-Lagunes & Alessandra Mattei, 2014. "A Stata package for the application of semiparametric estimators of dose–response functions," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, pages 580-604.
    2. María laura Alzúa & Guillermo Cruces & Carolina Lopez, 2016. "Long-Run Effects Of Youth Training Programs: Experimental Evidence From Argentina," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 54(4), pages 1839-1859, October.
    3. Anders Stenberg & Olle Westerlund, 2015. "The long-term earnings consequences of general vs. specific training of the unemployed," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), pages 1-26.
    4. Chiara Bocci & Marco Mariani, 2015. "L’approccio delle funzioni dose-risposta per la valutazione di trattamenti continui nei sussidi alla r&s," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, pages 81-102.
    5. repec:sav:ebooks:003 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ulf Rinne & Arne Uhlendorff & Zhong Zhao, 2013. "Vouchers and caseworkers in training programs for the unemployed," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 1089-1127.
    7. Kreif, N. & Grieve, R. & Díaz, I. & Harrison, D., 2014. "Health econometric evaluation of the effects of a continuous treatment: a machine learning approach," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 14/19, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    8. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2013. "Gegen eine rückwärtsgewandte Wirtschaftspolitik. Jahresgutachten 2013/14," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201314.
    9. Serrano-Domingo, Guadalupe & Requena-Silvente, Francisco, 2013. "Re-examining the migration–trade link using province data: An application of the generalized propensity score," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 247-261.
    10. Wooyoung Kim & Koohyun Kwon & Soonwoo Kwon & Sokbae Lee, 2014. "The identification power of smoothness assumptions in models with counterfactual outcomes," CeMMAP working papers CWP17/14, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    11. Dammert, Ana C. & Galdo, Jose, 2013. "Program quality and treatment completion for youth training programs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, pages 243-246.
    12. Kluve, Jochen & Rinne, Ulf & Uhlendorff, Arne & Zhao, Zhong, 2013. "The impact of training duration on employment outcomes: Evidence from LATE estimates," Economics Letters, Elsevier, pages 487-490.
    13. Ozkan Eren & Serkan Ozbeklik, 2014. "Who Benefits From Job Corps? A Distributional Analysis Of An Active Labor Market Program," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(4), pages 586-611, June.
    14. Doerr, Annabelle & Strittmatter, Anthony, 2014. "Assignment Mechanisms, Selection Criteria, and the Effectiveness of Training Programs," Economics Working Paper Series 1421, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, revised May 2017.
    15. repec:eee:jeeman:v:85:y:2017:i:c:p:146-170 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Wendy Cunningham & Pablo Acosta & Noël Muller, 2016. "Minds and Behaviors at Work," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 24659.
    17. Kluve, Jochen, 2013. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Maßnahmen, Zielsetzungen, Wirkungen," Working Papers 07/2013, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
    18. Egger, Peter Hannes & Egger, Peter, 2016. "Heterogeneous Effects of Tariff and Nontariff Policy Barriers in General Equilibrium," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145675, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    19. Galdo, Jose & Chong, Alberto, 2012. "Does the quality of public-sponsored training programs matter? Evidence from bidding processes data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 970-986.
    20. Christopher PARSONS & Pierre-Louis VÉZINA, 2014. "Migrant Networks and Trade: The Vietnamese Boat People as a Natural Experiment," Working Papers DP-2014-09, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).

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