Fighting against Malaria: Prevent Wars while Waiting for the "Miraculous" Vaccine
The World Health Organization estimates that 300 million clinical cases of malaria occur annually and observed that during the 80s and part of the 90s its incidence increased. In this paper, we explore the influence of refugees from civil wars on the incidence of malaria in the refugee-receiving countries. Using civil wars as an instrumental variable, we show that for each 1,000 refugees there are between 2,000 and 2,700 cases of malaria in the refugee-receiving country. On average 13% of the cases of malaria reported by the WHO are caused by forced migration as a consequence of civil wars. Copyright by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Volume (Year): 89 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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