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Technologies for Human Dignity: The Sulabh Sanitation and Social Reform Movement (Innovations Case Narrative: Sulabh International)


  • Bindeshwar Pathak

    (Bindeshwar Pathak founded Sulabh International in 1970. Sulabh International is a social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management, and social reforms through education. Pathak also has made innovative use of biogas by linking Sulabh toilets to biogas plants, which are now becoming a byword for sanitation in developing countries all over the world. His sanitation movement ensures cleanliness and prevents greenhouse gas emission. In 1991 the Government of India conferred on Pathak the Padma Bhushan, one of India's highest civilian awards, for his work in sanitation development and social service. He received the Dubai International Award in 2000 for "Best Practice to Improve the Living Environment" and the Annual IREO Renewable Energy Award in June 2009. In 2009 he was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize.)


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  • Bindeshwar Pathak, 2009. "Technologies for Human Dignity: The Sulabh Sanitation and Social Reform Movement (Innovations Case Narrative: Sulabh International)," Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization, MIT Press, vol. 4(3), pages 43-57, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:inntgg:v:4:y:2009:i:3:p:43-57

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