IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Informal Economy and Bribery in North Korea


  • Byung-Yeon Kim

    (Department of Economics Seoul National University 599 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-746 Republic of Korea)

  • Yu Mi Koh

    (University of Pennsylvania 3718 Locust Walk McNeil Building 160 Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA)


This paper uses the data of 227 North Korean refugees who have settled in South Korea to investigate the relationship between working in the informal economy (market component of the economy) and bribe-giving, and between bribe-giving and the number of hours worked in the formal sector (planned component of the economy). The first relationship is positive, and the second relationship is negative. These results imply that widespread informal economy activities in North Korea have been undermining the socialist regime through bribery. © 2011 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Byung-Yeon Kim & Yu Mi Koh, 2011. "The Informal Economy and Bribery in North Korea," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 10(3), pages 104-117, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:asiaec:v:10:y:2011:i:3:p:104-117

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: link to full text
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Christine Siew-Pyng Chong & Suresh Narayanan, 2017. "The Size and Costs of Bribes in Malaysia: An Analysis Based on Convicted Bribe Givers," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 16(1), pages 66-84, Winter/Sp.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tpr:asiaec:v:10:y:2011:i:3:p:104-117. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Kristin Waites). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.