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Impact Des Transferts Des Migrants Sur Le Bien-Être Monétaire Des Ménages En Basse Kabylie

Listed author(s):
  • Abdoune BENALLAOUA


    (LARE-Efi, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

Registered author(s):

    Sur la base d’une enquête en Basse Kabylie, cet article vise à évaluer les effets des transferts des migrants sur le niveau de vie monétaire des ménages. Les transferts en provenance de l’étranger représentent des sommes considérables qui alimentent le budget des ménages concernés. Ils sont estimés, pour l’année 2005, à 259980 dinars par ménage. Le montant des transferts ainsi reçus en Basse Kabylie peut être estimé à plus de 6,7 milliards de dinars algérien soit 78,8 millions d’euros. La pauvreté monétaire chez les bénéfi-ciaires des transferts est nettement inférieure à celle des autres ménages. L’incidence de la pauvreté totale est de 5,4% seulement pour les ménages bénéficiant de ces revenus, alors qu’elle s’élève à 17,5% pour les autres. Une application économétrique met en avant le rôle positif et significatif de ces transferts dans l’amélioration du bien-être monétaire des ménages. Le fait de bénéficier de transferts en provenance de l’étranger, ceteris paribus, augmente la dépense par tête de 29%. Une estimation Probit des déterminants de la pauvreté des ménages renforce cette conclusion. Le fait de bénéficier des transferts réduit la probabilité qu’un ménage soit pauvre de 7,2%. Abstract - From a survey on the standard of living of the households in Basse Kabylie, Algeria, this paper aims to evaluate the effects of migrants’ remittances on the household’s monetary welfare in this region. The remittances coming from abroad contributed and will contribute for few years to the improvement of the monetary welfare of the households. They represent considerable sums which feed the budget of the concerned households. They are estimated, for the year 2005, at 259980 DA per household. On this basis, the amount of the transfers received into Basse Kabylie can be then estimated at more than 6,7 billion DA witch correspond to 78,8 million euros. The analysis of the profiles of monetary poverty indicates that the incidence of monetary poverty of households receiving the remittances is lower than that of other households. The incidence of total poverty accounts for 5,4% only for the households profiting from these incomes, whereas it amounts to 17,5% in the other group. The econometric application confirms this result, since it puts under light the positive and significant role of remittances in the improvement of the monetary welfare of the households. The fact of profiting from transfers coming from abroad, ceteris paribus, increases the expenditure per capita by 29%. The Probit estimation of the determinants of poverty households confirm this result since the coefficient relating to remittances is very significant and negative. The fact of profiting from remittances, reduce the probability that a household be poor by 7,2%.

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    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2009)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 195-220

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:30:y:2009:p:195-220
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