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Régimes De Retraite, Inégalités De Revenu Et Redistribution Au Maghreb

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Marc DUPUIS

    () (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

  • Claire EL MOUDDEN

    () (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

  • Anne PETRON

    () (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

Abstract

Les systèmes de retraite du Maghreb ont des effets contradictoires sur la répartition des revenus des assurés sociaux. Ils ont tendance à amplifier l’écart entre salariés du public et du privé, mais à l’inverse à resserrer l’éven-tail des revenus à l’intérieur de chaque régime. Ils opèrent une redistribution horizontale au profit des familles par les pensions au profit des survivants. Entre générations, les vieux retraités sont défavorisés par rapport aux jeunes retraités et des dispositifs temporaires de retraite anticipée créent des inéquités. L’inégalité la plus forte oppose les assurés aux non assurés dans la mesure où les systèmes de retraite ne couvrent qu’une fraction minoritaire de la population âgée. Abstract - The North African pension systems have contradictory effects on the income distribution of insured persons. These systems tend to increase the gap between public and private sector employees. Conversely, they tend to narrow the income range within each system. They lead to horizontal redistribution to the benefit of families thanks to pensions paid to survivor. Among pensioners, the older pensioners are at a disadvantage compared with the younger. Moreover, temporary plans of early retirement increase those inequalities. The strongest inequality however is between insured and non-insured persons due to the fact that pension systems cover only a small proportion of the old population.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc DUPUIS & Claire EL MOUDDEN & Anne PETRON, 2009. "Régimes De Retraite, Inégalités De Revenu Et Redistribution Au Maghreb," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 30, pages 177-194.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:30:y:2009:p:177-194
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    SYSTÈMES DE RETRAITE; INÉGALITÉS DE REVENU; MAGHREB;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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