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Régimes De Retraite, Inégalités De Revenu Et Redistribution Au Maghreb

  • Jean-Marc DUPUIS


    (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

  • Claire EL MOUDDEN


    (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

  • Anne PETRON


    (CREM UMR CNRS 6211,Faculté de Sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen)

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    Les systèmes de retraite du Maghreb ont des effets contradictoires sur la répartition des revenus des assurés sociaux. Ils ont tendance à amplifier l’écart entre salariés du public et du privé, mais à l’inverse à resserrer l’éven-tail des revenus à l’intérieur de chaque régime. Ils opèrent une redistribution horizontale au profit des familles par les pensions au profit des survivants. Entre générations, les vieux retraités sont défavorisés par rapport aux jeunes retraités et des dispositifs temporaires de retraite anticipée créent des inéquités. L’inégalité la plus forte oppose les assurés aux non assurés dans la mesure où les systèmes de retraite ne couvrent qu’une fraction minoritaire de la population âgée. Abstract - The North African pension systems have contradictory effects on the income distribution of insured persons. These systems tend to increase the gap between public and private sector employees. Conversely, they tend to narrow the income range within each system. They lead to horizontal redistribution to the benefit of families thanks to pensions paid to survivor. Among pensioners, the older pensioners are at a disadvantage compared with the younger. Moreover, temporary plans of early retirement increase those inequalities. The strongest inequality however is between insured and non-insured persons due to the fact that pension systems cover only a small proportion of the old population.

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    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 30 (2009)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 177-194

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:30:y:2009:p:177-194
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