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Corruption Et Sécurite Routière : Le Cas Des Transports Routiers D'Afrique Subsaharienne

  • Zié BALLO

    ()

    (ARQADE, Université de Toulouse 1)

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    Police corruption is widespread and may be important in explaining the high risk of road fatalities in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the impact of this phenomenon on road safety in Sub-Saharan Africa. A theoretical model is presented where a representative carrier faces corruptible policemen responsible for the enforcement of safety standards. The analysis of this model shows that the effect of corruption on road safety is ambiguous. Using a multiplicatively separable technology of apprehension we find a set of conditions under which corruption may worsen road safety. Some of these conditions hold in Sub-Saharan African countries characterized by the inadequacy of resources and weak institutions. To reduce the economic costs of road accidents in Sub-Saharan Africa (1 %-2 % of the GNP) it is important to equip the police with rolling stock and materials such as radars and increase the probability of punishment, and the penalties for bribing and fines.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R24/R24_Ballo.pdf
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    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 159-193

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:24:y:2006:p:159-193
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