Corruption Et Sécurite Routière : Le Cas Des Transports Routiers D'Afrique Subsaharienne
Police corruption is widespread and may be important in explaining the high risk of road fatalities in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the impact of this phenomenon on road safety in Sub-Saharan Africa. A theoretical model is presented where a representative carrier faces corruptible policemen responsible for the enforcement of safety standards. The analysis of this model shows that the effect of corruption on road safety is ambiguous. Using a multiplicatively separable technology of apprehension we find a set of conditions under which corruption may worsen road safety. Some of these conditions hold in Sub-Saharan African countries characterized by the inadequacy of resources and weak institutions. To reduce the economic costs of road accidents in Sub-Saharan Africa (1 %-2 % of the GNP) it is important to equip the police with rolling stock and materials such as radars and increase the probability of punishment, and the penalties for bribing and fines.
Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
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