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L'Attractivité Comparée Des Investissements Directs Étrangers De La Tunisie Et De La Hongrie


  • Houda NEFFATI

    (Université Paris Sud 11 et Centre Interuniversitaire d'Études Hongroises (CEIH))

  • Xavier RICHET

    (CIEH, Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle)


In this contribution, we propose to make a comparative study of the factors of attractiveness at work in Hungary and Tunisia during the past decade, which underly cumulated flows of investment, localization, and effects of swarming in industrial fabric. After having recalled the objectives of the restructuring of productive machinery in each country, the first part presents an overview of FDI and the reasons for attraction, in order to further highlight the role of the strategies of insertion into the world economy used by the two economies. The second part tries to assess the positive externalities induced by the durable presence of foreign investors. According to the mode of entry chosen by multinationals, their presence more or less affects the economic restructuring, the technology transfer and foreign trade. Consequently one may question the capacity of both the agents and the recipient institutions to achieve the 'endogeneisation' of the technologies and know-how.

Suggested Citation

  • Houda NEFFATI & Xavier RICHET, 2004. "L'Attractivité Comparée Des Investissements Directs Étrangers De La Tunisie Et De La Hongrie," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 19, pages 105-129.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:19:y:2004:p:105-129

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    JEL classification:

    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • M2 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems


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