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An Investigation on the Shuttle Trade Dynamics of a Small-Open-Economy


  • Afsin Sahin

    () (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Department of Foreign Relations and European Union, Ankara, Turkey)

  • Yilmaz Akdi

    (Ankara University, Faculty of Science, Department of Statistics, Ankara, Turkey)

  • Cemal Atakan

    (Ankara University, Faculty of Science, Department of Statistics, Ankara, Turkey)


In this article we have tried to assess the possible relationships between shuttle trade and the expletory variables, export (f.o.b.), import (c.i.f.) and CPI based real effective US dollar exchange rate. We employed monthly data of Turkey covering the years from 1996:01 to 2006:12 and forecasted the parameters by Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimation method. In order to find out whether there is a linear relationship among these series; we have checked each series whether are integrated at the same order or not. According to the ADF unit root test results, we have found that all the variables are integrated of order one, I(1), but shuttle trade. Besides we detected a case of multicollinearity among some of the expletory variables. Therefore we used first order autoregression model of shuttle trade. We have derived that, previous month’s shuttle trade have positive impacts on the current level shuttle trade. We also used the same specification to indicate that the shuttle trade value increases in the months of fall and decreases in months of summer.

Suggested Citation

  • Afsin Sahin & Yilmaz Akdi & Cemal Atakan, 2008. "An Investigation on the Shuttle Trade Dynamics of a Small-Open-Economy," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 1(2), pages 1-12, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:1:y:2008:i:2:p:1-12

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    More about this item


    International Macroeconomics; Shuttle Trade; Ordinary Least Square;

    JEL classification:

    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes


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