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Technology transfer by CDM projects


  • Erik Haites
  • Maosheng Duan
  • Stephen Seres


Technology development and transfer is an important feature of both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol. Although the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) does not have an explicit technology transfer mandate, it may contribute to technology transfer by financing emission reduction projects using technologies currently not available in the host countries. This article analyses the claims about technology transfer made by CDM project participants in their project design documents. Roughly one-third of all CDM projects, accounting for almost two-thirds of the annual emission reductions, involve technology transfer. Technology transfer varies widely across project types and is more common for larger projects and projects with foreign participants. Equipment transfer is more common for larger projects, while smaller projects involve transfers of both equipment and knowledge or of knowledge alone. Technology transfer does not appear to be closely related to country size or per-capita GDP, but a host country can influence the extent of technology transfer involved in its CDM projects.

Suggested Citation

  • Erik Haites & Maosheng Duan & Stephen Seres, 2006. "Technology transfer by CDM projects," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(3), pages 327-344, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:6:y:2006:i:3:p:327-344
    DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2006.9685605

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    Cited by:

    1. Kang, Moon Jung & Park, Jihyoun, 2013. "Analysis of the partnership network in the clean development mechanism," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 543-553.
    2. Dechezleprêtre, Antoine & Glachant, Matthieu & Ménière, Yann, 2008. "The Clean Development Mechanism and the international diffusion of technologies: An empirical study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1273-1283, April.
    3. Lema, Adrian & Lema, Rasmus, 2016. "Low-carbon innovation and technology transfer in latecomer countries: Insights from solar PV in the clean development mechanism," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 223-236.
    4. Bibas, Ruben & Méjean, Aurélie & Hamdi-Cherif, Meriem, 2015. "Energy efficiency policies and the timing of action: An assessment of climate mitigation costs," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 90(PA), pages 137-152.
    5. Khem Raj Dahal & Shiva Ch & ra Dhakal, "undated". "The Relative Efficiency of Organic Farming in Nepal," Working papers 105, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
    6. Matthieu Glachant & Julie Ing & Jean Philippe Nicolai, 2017. "The Incentives for North-South Transfer of Climate-Mitigation Technologies with Trade in Polluting Goods," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 66(3), pages 435-456, March.
    7. Emma Paulsson, 2009. "A review of the CDM literature: from fine-tuning to critical scrutiny?," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 63-80, February.
    8. Karakosta, Charikleia & Doukas, Haris & Psarras, John, 2010. "Technology transfer through climate change: Setting a sustainable energy pattern," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 1546-1557, August.
    9. Lim, Xin-Le & Lam, Wei-Haur, 2014. "Review on Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) implementation in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 276-285.
    10. Schneider, Malte & Holzer, Andreas & Hoffmann, Volker H., 2008. "Understanding the CDM's contribution to technology transfer," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2920-2928, August.
    11. Imai, Kenichi, 2015. "Assessing the Effects of Kyoto Mechanisms on the Diffusion of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies," AGI Working Paper Series 2015-15, Asian Growth Research Institute.
    12. Trotter, Ian Michael & da Cunha, Dênis Antônio & Féres, José Gustavo, 2015. "The relationships between CDM project characteristics and CER market prices," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 158-167.
    13. James Haselip & Ulrich Hansen & Daniel Puig & Sara Trærup & Subash Dhar, 2015. "Governance, enabling frameworks and policies for the transfer and diffusion of low carbon and climate adaptation technologies in developing countries," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 131(3), pages 363-370, August.
    14. Pécastaing, Nicolas, 2013. "L’impact du mécanisme de développement propre (MDP) sur le développement « durable » : le cas du Pérou," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 89(1), pages 39-56, Mars.
    15. Fuhai Hong, 2014. "Technology transfer with transboundary pollution: A signalling approach," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 47(3), pages 953-980, August.
    16. Patrick Bayer & Johannes Urpelainen & Alice Xu, 2016. "Explaining differences in sub-national patterns of clean technology transfer to China and India," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 261-283, April.
    17. Cui, Jingbo & Liu, Xi & Sun, Yongping & Yu, Haishan, 2020. "Can CDM projects trigger host countries’ innovation in renewable energy? Evidence of firm-level dataset from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C).
    18. Song, Malin & Zhu, Shuai & Wang, Jianlin & Zhao, Jiajia, 2020. "Share green growth: Regional evaluation of green output performance in China," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 219(C), pages 152-163.
    19. Ritu Mathur and Preety Bhandari, 2007. "Living Within a Carbon Budget – The Agenda for Mitigation," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007) HDOCPA-2007-33, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    20. Weitzel, Matthias & Liu, Wan-Hsin & Vaona, Andrea, 2013. "Determinants of technology transfer through CDM: The case of China," Kiel Working Papers 1889, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    21. Zhang, Chi & Yan, Jinyue, 2015. "CDM’s influence on technology transfers: A study of the implemented clean development mechanism projects in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 355-365.
    22. Rubbelke, Dirk T.G. & Mukherjee, Vivekananda & Sanyal, Tilak, 2008. "Technology Transfer in the Non-traded Sector as a Means to Combat Global Warming," Climate Change Modelling and Policy Working Papers 44228, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    23. Matthew A. Cole & David J. Maddison & Liyun Zhang, 2020. "Testing the emission reduction claims of CDM projects using the Benford’s Law," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 160(3), pages 407-426, June.

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