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Explaining Inter-Provincial Inequality in Productivity Growth in Crop Production in Pakistan

Listed author(s):
  • Mahboob Ellahi
  • Euan Fleming
  • Renato Villano

Abstract Data on crop production are assembled for four provinces—Punjab, Sindh, North-West Frontier Province and Balochistan—for the period from 1980/81 to 2005/06 to examine inter-provincial differences in productivity growth rates. Propositions are put forward and examined to explain the superior productivity performance of Punjabi crop producers over those in Sindh and North-West Frontier Province, and the unusual productivity trends in Balochistan. The major factors relate to economic infrastructure and human capital. The impact of agricultural research is difficult to discern, and further work is required to assess the lagged effects of research expenditures on TFP growth. Explication des déséquilibres interprovinciaux dans l'augmentation de la productivité dans la production de cultures au Pakistan RÉSUMÉ On a rassemblé des données pour les quatre provinces suivantes: Penjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, et Baloutchistan, pour la période 1980/81 à 2005/06, afin d'examiner les différences interprovinciales dans les taux d'expansion de la productivité. On présente et on examine des hypothèses pour expliquer le rendement supérieur des producteurs du Penjab par rapport à ceux du Sindh et du Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, ainsi que les tendances de productivité inhabituelles du Baloutchistan. Les principaux facteurs se rapportent à l'infrastructure économique et au capital humain. L'impact de la recherche sur l'agriculture est difficile à établir, et des travaux supplémentaires seront nécessaires pour évaluer les effets décalés des frais de recherche sur l'expansion du TFP. Explicación de la desigualdad inter-provincial en el crecimiento de la productividad de la producción de cultivos en Pakistán EXTRACTO Se recopilan datos sobre la producción de cultivos de cuatro provincias: Punjab, Sindh, Provincia de la Frontera Norte-Oeste y Balochistan, durante el período de 1980/81 a 2005/06, para examinar las diferencias inter-provinciales en los índices de crecimiento de la productividad. Se plantean y examinan propuestas para explicar el mayor rendimiento de la productividad de los productores de cultivos Punjabi con respecto a los de Sindh y la Provincia de la Frontera Norte-Oeste, y las inusuales tendencias de la productividad de Balochistan. Los factores principales se relacionan con la infraestructura económica y el capital humano. El impacto de la investigación agrícola es difícil de discernir, y se requiere más trabajo para evaluar los efectos retrasados de los gastos de investigación en el crecimiento TFP.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 5 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 441-461

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:5:y:2010:i:4:p:441-461
DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2010.516444
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