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Explaining Inter-Provincial Inequality in Productivity Growth in Crop Production in Pakistan


  • Mahboob Ellahi
  • Euan Fleming
  • Renato Villano


Abstract Data on crop production are assembled for four provinces—Punjab, Sindh, North-West Frontier Province and Balochistan—for the period from 1980/81 to 2005/06 to examine inter-provincial differences in productivity growth rates. Propositions are put forward and examined to explain the superior productivity performance of Punjabi crop producers over those in Sindh and North-West Frontier Province, and the unusual productivity trends in Balochistan. The major factors relate to economic infrastructure and human capital. The impact of agricultural research is difficult to discern, and further work is required to assess the lagged effects of research expenditures on TFP growth. Explication des déséquilibres interprovinciaux dans l'augmentation de la productivité dans la production de cultures au Pakistan RÉSUMÉ On a rassemblé des données pour les quatre provinces suivantes: Penjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, et Baloutchistan, pour la période 1980/81 à 2005/06, afin d'examiner les différences interprovinciales dans les taux d'expansion de la productivité. On présente et on examine des hypothèses pour expliquer le rendement supérieur des producteurs du Penjab par rapport à ceux du Sindh et du Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, ainsi que les tendances de productivité inhabituelles du Baloutchistan. Les principaux facteurs se rapportent à l'infrastructure économique et au capital humain. L'impact de la recherche sur l'agriculture est difficile à établir, et des travaux supplémentaires seront nécessaires pour évaluer les effets décalés des frais de recherche sur l'expansion du TFP. Explicación de la desigualdad inter-provincial en el crecimiento de la productividad de la producción de cultivos en Pakistán EXTRACTO Se recopilan datos sobre la producción de cultivos de cuatro provincias: Punjab, Sindh, Provincia de la Frontera Norte-Oeste y Balochistan, durante el período de 1980/81 a 2005/06, para examinar las diferencias inter-provinciales en los índices de crecimiento de la productividad. Se plantean y examinan propuestas para explicar el mayor rendimiento de la productividad de los productores de cultivos Punjabi con respecto a los de Sindh y la Provincia de la Frontera Norte-Oeste, y las inusuales tendencias de la productividad de Balochistan. Los factores principales se relacionan con la infraestructura económica y el capital humano. El impacto de la investigación agrícola es difícil de discernir, y se requiere más trabajo para evaluar los efectos retrasados de los gastos de investigación en el crecimiento TFP.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahboob Ellahi & Euan Fleming & Renato Villano, 2010. "Explaining Inter-Provincial Inequality in Productivity Growth in Crop Production in Pakistan," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(4), pages 441-461.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:5:y:2010:i:4:p:441-461
    DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2010.516444

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    More about this item


    Crop production; Pakistan; productivity; provincial; O13; O18; Q16; R11;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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