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Non-discrimination and liability for transboundary acid mine drainage pollution of South Africa’s rivers: could the UN Watercourses Convention open Pandora’s mine?


  • Rémy Kinna


In 1997, South Africa became an inaugural party to the United Nations Watercourses Convention. With the convention entering into force in August 2014, South Africa is now bound by all of its provisions, including those relating to ‘no significant harm’ and liability for transboundary pollution. Article 32, the principle of ‘non-discrimination’, provides recourse for foreigners experiencing or under imminent threat of transboundary harm to seek compensation in the jurisdiction where the alleged harm originated. This article investigates the possibility under the convention of pursuing liability for transboundary acid mine drainage pollution originating in South Africa harming the Olifants-Limpopo Rivers.

Suggested Citation

  • Rémy Kinna, 2016. "Non-discrimination and liability for transboundary acid mine drainage pollution of South Africa’s rivers: could the UN Watercourses Convention open Pandora’s mine?," Water International, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(3), pages 371-391, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rwinxx:v:41:y:2016:i:3:p:371-391
    DOI: 10.1080/02508060.2016.1153302

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