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Getting into Networks and Clusters: Evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Collaboration Network

Author

Listed:
  • Jerome Vicente
  • Pierre Balland
  • Olivier Brossard

Abstract

Vicente J., Balland P. A. and Brossard O. Getting into networks and clusters: evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) collaboration network, Regional Studies. This paper analyses clusters from collaborative knowledge relations embedded in wider networks in a particular technological field. Focusing on the interface of clusters and networks contributes to a better understanding of collaboration, within and across places and cognitive domains. An empirical analysis of the Midi-Pyrenean global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) cluster is proposed based on a relational database constructed from collaborative research and development projects funded at the European, national, and regional levels. Using Social Network Analysis tools, the results are discussed according to (1) the structural, technological, and geographical dimensions of knowledge flows; (2) the influence of particular organizations in the structure; and (3) the heterogeneity and complementarities of their position and role. The paper concludes by showing that the findings provide new opportunities for cluster theories. [image omitted] Vicente J., Balland P. A. et Brossard O. Entrer au cœur des reseaux et des clusters: le cas du reseau de collaboration dans les GNSS en Midi-Pyrenees, Regional Studies. L'article analyse les clusters a partir des relations collaboratives d'innovation encastrees dans des reseaux plus larges dans un domaine technologique donne. Se positionner a l'interface des reseaux et des clusters permet d'avoir une meilleure comprehension des collaborations, dans et entre espaces geographiques et domaines cognitifs. Nous proposons une analyse empirique basee sur le cluster GNSS (Systemes Globaux de Navigation par Satellite) en Midi-Pyrenees, a partir d'une base de donnees relationnelles issue de l'agregation de projets collaboratifs de R&D regionaux, nationaux et europeens. A l'aide des outils de l'analyse sociale des reseaux, nous discutons les resultats selon (1) les dimensions structurelle, technologique et geographique des flux de connaissances, (2) l'influence de certaines organisations dans la structure, et (3) l'heterogeneite et la complementarite de leur position et role. Nous concluons en montrant que nos resultats fournissent de nouvelles perspectives pour la theorie des clusters. Connaissance Reseaux Economie geographique Cluster Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) Vicente J., Balland P. A. und Brossard O. Einstieg in Netzwerke und Cluster: Belege aus dem kooperativen Netzwerk fur das globale Navigationssatellitensystem (GNSS) in der Region Midi-Pyrenees, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag analysieren wir Cluster von kooperativen Wissensbeziehungen, die in breitere Netzwerke eines bestimmten technologischen Gebiets eingebettet sind. Die Konzentration auf die Schnittstelle zwischen Clustern und Netzwerken tragt zu einem besseren Verstandnis der Zusammenarbeit innerhalb von und zwischen Orten und kognitiven Bereichen bei. Wir stellen eine empirische Analyse des Clusters des globalen Navigationssatellitensystems (GNSS) in der Region Midi-Pyrenees vor. Diese Analyse basiert auf einer relationalen Datenbank, die anhand von auf europaischer, nationaler und regionaler Ebene finanzierten kooperativen Forschungs- und Entwicklungsprojekten erstellt wurde. Die Ergebnisse werden mit Hilfe von Instrumenten der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse hinsichtlich der folgenden Aspekte erortert: (1) der strukturellen, technologischen und geografischen Dimensionen der Wissensflusse, (2) des Einflusses bestimmter Organisationen auf die Struktur und (3) der Heterogenitat und Komplementaritaten ihrer Position und Rolle. Zum Abschluss wird aufgezeigt, inwiefern die Ergebnisse neues Potenzial fur Cluster-Theorien bieten. Wissen Netzwerke Wirtschaftsgeografie Cluster Globales navigationssatellitensystem (GNSS) Vicente J., Balland P. A. y Brossard O. Entrar en el corazon de las redes y las aglomeraciones: el caso de la red de colaboracion del sistema global de navegacion por satelite (GNSS) en la region de Mediodia-Pirineos, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos las aglomeraciones que surgen a partir de las relaciones colaboradoras de conocimientos arraigadas en redes mas amplias en un determinado campo tecnologico. Concentrarse en la interfaz de las aglomeraciones y las redes contribuye a entender mejor la colaboracion dentro y entre los espacios y dominios cognitivos. Proponemos un analisis empirico de la aglomeracion del GNSS (sistema global de navegacion por satelite) en la region de Mediodia-Pirineos basado en un banco de datos relacionales construido a partir de proyectos de colaboracion sobre investigacion y desarrollo con financiacion regional, nacional y europea. Con ayuda de las herramientas para el analisis de redes sociales, se analizan los resultados segun (1) las dimensiones estructurales, tecnologicas y geograficas de los flujos de conocimiento; (2) la influencia de organizaciones concretas en la estructura; y (3) la heterogeneidad y las complementariedades de su posicion y funcion. Concluimos este articulo mostrando que los resultados brindan nuevas perspectivas a las teorias de aglomeracion. Conocimiento Redes Geografia economica Aglomeracion Sistema global de navegacion por satelite (GNSS)

Suggested Citation

  • Jerome Vicente & Pierre Balland & Olivier Brossard, 2011. "Getting into Networks and Clusters: Evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Collaboration Network," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(8), pages 1059-1078.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:8:p:1059-1078
    DOI: 10.1080/00343401003713340
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ron Boschma, 2015. "Towards an Evolutionary Perspective on Regional Resilience," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(5), pages 733-751, May.
    2. Rachel Levy & Damien Talbot, 2015. "Control by proximity: Evidence from the 'Aerospace Valley' Competitiveness Cluster," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(6), pages 955-972, June.
    3. Joan Crespo & Frédéric Amblard & Jérôme Vicente, 2015. "Simulating micro behaviours and structural properties of knowledge networks: toward a “one size fits one” cluster policy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1503, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Feb 2015.
    4. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2014. "Récents enseignements de la théorie des réseaux en faveur de la politique et du management des clusters," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201409, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    5. Christian Longhi, 2017. "Cluster dynamics: learning from Competitiveness Cluster policy. The case of ‘Secure Communicating Solutions’ in the French Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region," Working Papers halshs-01675684, HAL.
    6. Jing Xiao & Ron Boschma & Martin Andersson, 2018. "Resilience in the European Union: the effect of the 2008 crisis on the ability of regions in Europe to develop new industrial specializations," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(1), pages 15-47.
    7. Bastien Bernela & Rachel Levy, 2017. "Collaboration networks within a French cluster: Do partners really interact with each other?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(1), pages 115-138, March.
    8. Pierre-Alexandre Balland & David Rigby & Ron Boschma, 2015. "The technological resilience of US cities," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 8(2), pages 167-184.
    9. Pierre-Alexandre Balland & Mathijs De Vaan & Ron Boschma, 2013. "The dynamics of interfirm networks along the industry life cycle: The case of the global video game industry, 1987--2007," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 741-765, September.
    10. Ron Boschma & Dirk Fornahl, 2011. "Cluster Evolution and a Roadmap for Future Research," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(10), pages 1295-1298, November.
    11. Ron Boschma & Pierre-Alexandre Balland & Mathijs de Vaan, 2014. "The formation of economic networks: a proximity approach," Chapters,in: Regional Development and Proximity Relations, chapter 7, pages 243-266 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Nejla BEN ARFA & Karine DANIEL & Fanny FONTAINE, 2013. "Agri-Food Clusters: Is French Policy In Line With Real Spatial Dynamics?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 249-274.
    13. José-Antonio Belso-Martínez & Manuel Expósito-Langa, 2015. "Persistence and extinction of brokerage roles in clusters: the role of status, former experiences and extra-cluster relationships," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1501, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2015.
    14. Jérôme Vicente, 2014. "“Don’t throw the baby out with the bath water”. Network failures and policy challenges for cluster long run dynamics," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1420, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Oct 2014.
    15. Hugues Jeannerat & Leila Kebir, 2012. "Mobility of Knowledge. Knowledge resources and markets: What territorial economic systems ?," GRET Publications and Working Papers 02-12, GRET Group of Research in Territorial Economy, University of Neuchâtel.
    16. Delio Lucena Piquero & Jerome Vicente, 2017. "The visible hand of cluster policy makers: An analysis of Aerospace Valley (2006-2015) using a place-based network methodology," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1723, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Sep 2017.
    17. Michael Barber & Thomas Scherngell, 2011. "Is the European R&D network homogeneous? spatial interaction modeling of network communities determined using graph theoretic methods," ERSA conference papers ersa11p392, European Regional Science Association.
    18. Pierre-Alexandre Balland & José Antonio Belso-Martínez & Andrea Morrison, 2014. "The Dynamics of Technical and Business Networks in Industrial Clusters: Embeddedness, status or proximity?," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1412, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Apr 2014.
    19. Tom Broekel & Ron Boschma, 2012. "Knowledge networks in the Dutch aviation industry: the proximity paradox," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(2), pages 409-433, March.
    20. José Antonio Belso-Martínez & Manuel Expósito-Langa & Francisco Mas-Verdú & F. Xavier Molina-Morales, 2017. "Dynamics of Brokerage Positions in Clusters: Evidence from the Spanish Foodstuffs Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(2), pages 1-18, February.

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