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Getting into Networks and Clusters: Evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Collaboration Network

Author

Listed:
  • Jerome Vicente
  • Pierre Balland
  • Olivier Brossard

Abstract

Vicente J., Balland P. A. and Brossard O. Getting into networks and clusters: evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) collaboration network, Regional Studies. This paper analyses clusters from collaborative knowledge relations embedded in wider networks in a particular technological field. Focusing on the interface of clusters and networks contributes to a better understanding of collaboration, within and across places and cognitive domains. An empirical analysis of the Midi-Pyrenean global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) cluster is proposed based on a relational database constructed from collaborative research and development projects funded at the European, national, and regional levels. Using Social Network Analysis tools, the results are discussed according to (1) the structural, technological, and geographical dimensions of knowledge flows; (2) the influence of particular organizations in the structure; and (3) the heterogeneity and complementarities of their position and role. The paper concludes by showing that the findings provide new opportunities for cluster theories. [image omitted] Vicente J., Balland P. A. et Brossard O. Entrer au cœur des reseaux et des clusters: le cas du reseau de collaboration dans les GNSS en Midi-Pyrenees, Regional Studies. L'article analyse les clusters a partir des relations collaboratives d'innovation encastrees dans des reseaux plus larges dans un domaine technologique donne. Se positionner a l'interface des reseaux et des clusters permet d'avoir une meilleure comprehension des collaborations, dans et entre espaces geographiques et domaines cognitifs. Nous proposons une analyse empirique basee sur le cluster GNSS (Systemes Globaux de Navigation par Satellite) en Midi-Pyrenees, a partir d'une base de donnees relationnelles issue de l'agregation de projets collaboratifs de R&D regionaux, nationaux et europeens. A l'aide des outils de l'analyse sociale des reseaux, nous discutons les resultats selon (1) les dimensions structurelle, technologique et geographique des flux de connaissances, (2) l'influence de certaines organisations dans la structure, et (3) l'heterogeneite et la complementarite de leur position et role. Nous concluons en montrant que nos resultats fournissent de nouvelles perspectives pour la theorie des clusters. Connaissance Reseaux Economie geographique Cluster Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) Vicente J., Balland P. A. und Brossard O. Einstieg in Netzwerke und Cluster: Belege aus dem kooperativen Netzwerk fur das globale Navigationssatellitensystem (GNSS) in der Region Midi-Pyrenees, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag analysieren wir Cluster von kooperativen Wissensbeziehungen, die in breitere Netzwerke eines bestimmten technologischen Gebiets eingebettet sind. Die Konzentration auf die Schnittstelle zwischen Clustern und Netzwerken tragt zu einem besseren Verstandnis der Zusammenarbeit innerhalb von und zwischen Orten und kognitiven Bereichen bei. Wir stellen eine empirische Analyse des Clusters des globalen Navigationssatellitensystems (GNSS) in der Region Midi-Pyrenees vor. Diese Analyse basiert auf einer relationalen Datenbank, die anhand von auf europaischer, nationaler und regionaler Ebene finanzierten kooperativen Forschungs- und Entwicklungsprojekten erstellt wurde. Die Ergebnisse werden mit Hilfe von Instrumenten der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse hinsichtlich der folgenden Aspekte erortert: (1) der strukturellen, technologischen und geografischen Dimensionen der Wissensflusse, (2) des Einflusses bestimmter Organisationen auf die Struktur und (3) der Heterogenitat und Komplementaritaten ihrer Position und Rolle. Zum Abschluss wird aufgezeigt, inwiefern die Ergebnisse neues Potenzial fur Cluster-Theorien bieten. Wissen Netzwerke Wirtschaftsgeografie Cluster Globales navigationssatellitensystem (GNSS) Vicente J., Balland P. A. y Brossard O. Entrar en el corazon de las redes y las aglomeraciones: el caso de la red de colaboracion del sistema global de navegacion por satelite (GNSS) en la region de Mediodia-Pirineos, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos las aglomeraciones que surgen a partir de las relaciones colaboradoras de conocimientos arraigadas en redes mas amplias en un determinado campo tecnologico. Concentrarse en la interfaz de las aglomeraciones y las redes contribuye a entender mejor la colaboracion dentro y entre los espacios y dominios cognitivos. Proponemos un analisis empirico de la aglomeracion del GNSS (sistema global de navegacion por satelite) en la region de Mediodia-Pirineos basado en un banco de datos relacionales construido a partir de proyectos de colaboracion sobre investigacion y desarrollo con financiacion regional, nacional y europea. Con ayuda de las herramientas para el analisis de redes sociales, se analizan los resultados segun (1) las dimensiones estructurales, tecnologicas y geograficas de los flujos de conocimiento; (2) la influencia de organizaciones concretas en la estructura; y (3) la heterogeneidad y las complementariedades de su posicion y funcion. Concluimos este articulo mostrando que los resultados brindan nuevas perspectivas a las teorias de aglomeracion. Conocimiento Redes Geografia economica Aglomeracion Sistema global de navegacion por satelite (GNSS)

Suggested Citation

  • Jerome Vicente & Pierre Balland & Olivier Brossard, 2011. "Getting into Networks and Clusters: Evidence from the Midi-Pyrenean Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Collaboration Network," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(8), pages 1059-1078.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:8:p:1059-1078
    DOI: 10.1080/00343401003713340
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