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The Political Economy of Urban Reclassification in Post-Socialist Hungary

Author

Listed:
  • Laszlo Kulcsar
  • David Brown

Abstract

Kulcsar L. J. and Brown D. L. The political economy of urban reclassification in post-socialist Hungary, Regional Studies. Urban reclassification is usually a statistical exercise, acknowledging that places have met certain development criteria. In some countries, though, it is also an important political game. Local leaders believe that the urban title is the key to future development, while national politicians perceive reclassification as a tool to increase political capital. This study examines the political economy of urban reclassification in Hungary in a historical perspective, discussing the pro-urban development legacy and reclassification dynamics. Contemporary political and development motives are also examined. Statistical analysis investigates the impact of reclassification on urbanization trends. [image omitted] Kulcsar L. J. et Brown D. L. L'economie politique du reclassement urbain dans la Hongrie des annees postsocialistes, Regional Studies. D'habitude, le reclassement urbain s'avere une exercice statistique, reconnaissant le fait que certains endroits ont satisfaits certains criteres de developpement. Cependant, dans certains pays il constitue aussi un jeu politique important. Les leaders locaux croient que etre considere urbain est la cle du developpement futur, tandis que les hommes politiques nationaux considerent le reclassement comme un outil qui sert a augmenter le capital politique. Cette etude cherche a examiner l'economie politique du reclassement urbain en Hongrie d'un point de vue historique, discutant l'heritage en faveur du developpement urbain et la dynamique du reclassement. On examine aussi les motifs politiques et de developpement contemporains. Une analyse statistique examine l'impact du reclassement sur les tendances a l'urbanisation. Reclassement urbain Amenagement du territoire Annees postsocialistes Urbanisation Kulcsar L. J. und Brown D. L. Die politische Okonomie der urbanen Reklassifizierung im postsozialistischen Ungarn, Regional Studies. Bei einer urbanen Reklassifizierung handelt es sich normalerweise um eine statistische Massnahme, mit der zur Kenntnis genommen wird, dass Orte bestimmte Entwicklungskriterien erfullt haben. In einigen Landern ist sie jedoch auch ein wichtiges politisches Spiel. Die Fuhrungspersonen vor Ort nehmen an, dass der urbane Titel den Schlussel zur kunftigen Entwicklung darstellt, wahrend die Politiker auf nationaler Ebene die Reklassifizierung als Mittel zur Erhohung des politischen Kapitals betrachten. In dieser Studie untersuchen wir die politische Okonomie der urbanen Reklassifizierung in Ungarn aus historischer Perspektive und erortern das Vermachtnis der prourbanen Entwicklung sowie die Dynamik der Reklassifizierung. Ebenso werden zeitgenossische politische und Entwicklungsmotive untersucht. In einer statistischen Analyse ermitteln wir die Auswirkung einer Reklassifizierung auf Urbanisierungstrends. Urbane Reklassifizierung Regionalentwicklung Postsozialismus Urbanisierung Kulcsar L. J. y Brown D. L. La economia politica de la reclasificacion urbana en la Hungria postsocialista, Regional Studies. La reclasificacion urbana es normalmente un ejercicio estadistico en el que se reconocen los lugares que han cumplido ciertos criterios de desarrollo. Sin embargo, en algunos paises tambien es un importante juego politico. Los lideres locales creen que el titulo urbano es la clave para el futuro desarrollo mientras que los politicos nacionales perciben la reclasificacion como una herramienta para aumentar el capital politico. En este estudio analizamos la economia politica de la reclasificacion urbana en Hungria desde una perspectiva historica y abordamos el legado de desarrollo prourbano y las dinamicas de reclasificacion. Tambien examinamos los motivos politicos y de desarrollo contemporaneos. Mediante analisis estadisticos investigamos el impacto de la reclasificacion en las tendencias de urbanizacion.

Suggested Citation

  • Laszlo Kulcsar & David Brown, 2011. "The Political Economy of Urban Reclassification in Post-Socialist Hungary," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 479-490.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:4:p:479-490
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400903496378
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