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Innovation and Industrial Districts: A First Approach to the Measurement and Determinants of the I-District Effect


  • Rafael Boix
  • Vittorio Galletto


Boix R. and Galletto V. Innovation and industrial districts: a first approach to the measurement and determinants of the I-district effect, Regional Studies. The paper analyses an exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 local labour markets classified by seven typologies of local production systems. The analysis shows that Marshallian industrial districts generate 30% of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita that is 47% above the national average and 31% larger than the manufacturing production systems of large firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed-effects model confirm the existence of an innovation-district (I-district) effect and its size. The I-district effect is mainly related to the presence of Marshallian localization economies. [image omitted] Boix R. et Galletto V. Innovation et districts industriels: une premiere approche de la mesure et des determinants des effets des districts d'innovation, Regional Studies. Nous analysons une base de donnees exhaustive de brevets delivres en Espagne entre 2001 et 2006 dans un echantillon de 806 marches locaux de l'emploi classes en sept typologies de systemes locaux de production. Notre analyse montre que les districts industriels de type Marshall generent 30% des brevets espagnols et affichent une performance innovatrice par tete superieure de 47% a la moyenne nationale et superieure de 31% aux systemes de production manufacturiere des grandes entreprises. Les estimations econometriques d'un modele d'effet fixe confirment l'existence d'un effet 'district d'innovation' et de son importance. L'effet 'district d'innovation' est lie, pour l'essentiel, a la presence d'economie de localisation de type Marshall. Districts industriels Innovation Economies exterieures Effet de district Boix R. und Galletto V. Innovation und Industriebezirke: ein erster Ansatz fur die Messung und die Determinanten des I-Distrikt-Effekts, Regional Studies. Wir analysieren eine umfangreiche Datenbank mit zwischen 2001 und 2006 in Spanien erteilten Patenten, die in einem Panel von 806 lokalen Arbeitsmarkten zusammengefasst und nach sieben Typologien lokaler Produktionssysteme klassifiziert werden. Unsere Analyse zeigt, dass Marshallsche Industriedistrikte 30% der spanischen Patente und eine innovative Pro-Kopf-Leistung hervorbringen, die um 47% uber dem Landesdurchschnitt liegt und 31% hoher ausfallt aus die Produktionssysteme von Grossfirmen. Die okonometrischen Schatzungen eines Festeffekt-Modells bestatigen die Existenz eines Innovationsdistriktseffekts (I-Distrikt) sowie dessen Grosse. Der I-Distrikt-Effekt bezieht sich in erster Linie auf die Prasenz von Marshallschen Lokalisationswirtschaften. Industriebezirke Innovation Externe Okonomien Distrikteffekt Boix R. y Galletto V. Innovacion y distritos industriales: una primera aproximacion a la medicion y determinantes del efecto I-distrito, Regional Studies. En la investigacion se analiza una exhaustiva base de datos de patentes que entre 2001 y 2006 solicitaron proteccion en Espana, agregadas en un panel de 806 mercados locales de trabajo clasificados en siete tipologias de sistemas productivos locales. El analisis muestra que los distritos industriales marshallianos generan el 30% de las patentes espanolas, asi como un output innovador per capita 47% mayor que la media nacional y 31% mayor que los sistemas productivos manufactureros de gran empresa. Las estimaciones econometricas de un modelo de efectos fijos confirman la existencia de un efecto-distrito en innovacion (efecto I-distrito) y su dimension. El efecto I-distrito se asocia principalmente a la presencia de economias de localizacion marshallianas. Distritos industriales Innovacion Economias externas Efecto distrito

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Boix & Vittorio Galletto, 2009. "Innovation and Industrial Districts: A First Approach to the Measurement and Determinants of the I-District Effect," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(9), pages 1117-1133.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:9:p:1117-1133
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400801932342

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    Cited by:

    1. Jose-Luis Hervas-Oliver, 2012. "Are technological gatekeepers constraining my cluster? Unfolding the paradox of gatekeepers resilience across cluster life cycle stages," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1206, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised May 2012.
    2. Elia, Stefano & Maggi, Elena & Mariotti, Ilaria, 2011. "Does the transport industry gain from manufacturing internationalization? An empirical investigation on the Italian regions," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 49, pages 53-74.
    3. Jose-Luis Hervas-Oliver & Jose Albors-Garrigos, 2013. "Are Technological Gatekeepers Constraining my Cluster? Unfolding the paradox of gatekeepers resilience across cluster life cycle stages," DRUID Working Papers 13-04, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    4. Christos Kolympiris & Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, 2013. "Geographic scope of proximity effects among small life sciences firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 1059-1086, May.
    5. Rafael Boix & Joan Trullén, 2009. "Industrial Districts, Innovation and I-district Effect: Territory or Industrial Specialization?," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(10), pages 1707-1729, February.
    6. Marco-Lajara, Bartolomé & Claver-Cortés, Enrique & Úbeda-García, Mercedes & Zaragoza-Sáez, Patrocinio del Carmen, 2016. "A dynamic analysis of the agglomeration and performance relationship," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(5), pages 1874-1879.
    7. Manuel Lopez-Estornell & Ignacio Fernández de Lucio, 2011. "Knowledge and performance in innovative firms: An analysis of district and inter-district effects," ERSA conference papers ersa11p361, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Kyle Bergquist & Julio Raffo & Carsten Fink, 2017. "Identifying and ranking the world's largest clusters of inventive activity," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 34, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
    9. Carbonara , Nunzia & Tavassoli, Sam, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts," Papers in Innovation Studies 2013/35, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    10. repec:eee:touman:v:61:y:2017:i:c:p:451-464 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:ssi:jouesi:v:3:y:2015:i:2:p:157-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Reig-Otero,Y. & Edwards-Schachter,M. & Feliú-Mingarro,C. & Fernández De Lucio,I., 2012. "Generation and diffusion of innovations in a District Innovation System: The case of ink-jet printing," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201208, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
    13. José Antonio Belso-Martínez & F. Xavier Molina-Morales, 2011. "The drivers of the open district development: a social capital approach," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(2), pages 49-70, June.
    14. Hervás Oliver, José Luís, 2015. "How do multinational enterprises co-locate in industrial districts? An introduction to the integration of alternative explanations from international business and economic geography literatures," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 32, pages 115-132.


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