IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Innovation and Industrial Districts: A First Approach to the Measurement and Determinants of the I-District Effect

Listed author(s):
  • Rafael Boix
  • Vittorio Galletto

Boix R. and Galletto V. Innovation and industrial districts: a first approach to the measurement and determinants of the I-district effect, Regional Studies. The paper analyses an exhaustive database of patents granted in Spain between 2001 and 2006 aggregated in a panel of 806 local labour markets classified by seven typologies of local production systems. The analysis shows that Marshallian industrial districts generate 30% of Spanish patents and an innovative output per capita that is 47% above the national average and 31% larger than the manufacturing production systems of large firms. The econometric estimates of a fixed-effects model confirm the existence of an innovation-district (I-district) effect and its size. The I-district effect is mainly related to the presence of Marshallian localization economies. [image omitted] Boix R. et Galletto V. Innovation et districts industriels: une premiere approche de la mesure et des determinants des effets des districts d'innovation, Regional Studies. Nous analysons une base de donnees exhaustive de brevets delivres en Espagne entre 2001 et 2006 dans un echantillon de 806 marches locaux de l'emploi classes en sept typologies de systemes locaux de production. Notre analyse montre que les districts industriels de type Marshall generent 30% des brevets espagnols et affichent une performance innovatrice par tete superieure de 47% a la moyenne nationale et superieure de 31% aux systemes de production manufacturiere des grandes entreprises. Les estimations econometriques d'un modele d'effet fixe confirment l'existence d'un effet 'district d'innovation' et de son importance. L'effet 'district d'innovation' est lie, pour l'essentiel, a la presence d'economie de localisation de type Marshall. Districts industriels Innovation Economies exterieures Effet de district Boix R. und Galletto V. Innovation und Industriebezirke: ein erster Ansatz fur die Messung und die Determinanten des I-Distrikt-Effekts, Regional Studies. Wir analysieren eine umfangreiche Datenbank mit zwischen 2001 und 2006 in Spanien erteilten Patenten, die in einem Panel von 806 lokalen Arbeitsmarkten zusammengefasst und nach sieben Typologien lokaler Produktionssysteme klassifiziert werden. Unsere Analyse zeigt, dass Marshallsche Industriedistrikte 30% der spanischen Patente und eine innovative Pro-Kopf-Leistung hervorbringen, die um 47% uber dem Landesdurchschnitt liegt und 31% hoher ausfallt aus die Produktionssysteme von Grossfirmen. Die okonometrischen Schatzungen eines Festeffekt-Modells bestatigen die Existenz eines Innovationsdistriktseffekts (I-Distrikt) sowie dessen Grosse. Der I-Distrikt-Effekt bezieht sich in erster Linie auf die Prasenz von Marshallschen Lokalisationswirtschaften. Industriebezirke Innovation Externe Okonomien Distrikteffekt Boix R. y Galletto V. Innovacion y distritos industriales: una primera aproximacion a la medicion y determinantes del efecto I-distrito, Regional Studies. En la investigacion se analiza una exhaustiva base de datos de patentes que entre 2001 y 2006 solicitaron proteccion en Espana, agregadas en un panel de 806 mercados locales de trabajo clasificados en siete tipologias de sistemas productivos locales. El analisis muestra que los distritos industriales marshallianos generan el 30% de las patentes espanolas, asi como un output innovador per capita 47% mayor que la media nacional y 31% mayor que los sistemas productivos manufactureros de gran empresa. Las estimaciones econometricas de un modelo de efectos fijos confirman la existencia de un efecto-distrito en innovacion (efecto I-distrito) y su dimension. El efecto I-distrito se asocia principalmente a la presencia de economias de localizacion marshallianas. Distritos industriales Innovacion Economias externas Efecto distrito

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 9 ()
Pages: 1117-1133

in new window

Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:9:p:1117-1133
DOI: 10.1080/00343400801932342
Contact details of provider: Web page:

Order Information: Web:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:9:p:1117-1133. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.