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The New Metropolis: Rethinking Megalopolis

Author

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  • Robert Lang
  • Paul Knox

Abstract

Lang R. and Knox P. K. The new metropolis: rethinking megalopolis, Regional Studies. The paper explores the relationship between metropolitan form, scale, and connectivity. It revisits the idea first offered by geographers Jean Gottmann, James Vance, and Jerome Pickard that urban expansiveness does not tear regions apart but instead leads to new types of linkages. The paper begins with an historical review of the evolving American metropolis and introduces a new spatial model showing changing metropolitan morphology. Next is an analytic synthesis based on geographic theory and empirical findings of what is labelled here the 'new metropolis'. A key element of the new metropolis is its vast scale, which facilitates the emergence of an even larger trans-metropolitan urban structure - the 'megapolitan region'. Megapolitan geography is described and includes a typology to show variation between regions. The paper concludes with the suggestion that the fragmented post-modern metropolis may be giving way to a neo-modern extended region where new forms of networks and spatial connectivity reintegrate urban space. [image omitted] Lang R. et Knox P. K. La nouvelle metropolis: repenser la megapole, Regional Studies. Cet article examine les relations existant entre la forme, l'echelle et la connectivite metropolitaines. Il revisite l'idee, proposee en premier lieu par les geographes Jean Gottmann, James Vance et Jerome Pickard, selon laquelle la capacite d'expansion des villes ne demolit pas les regions, mais conduit plutot a de nouveaux types de liens. L'article commence par un examen historique de la Metropolis americaine dans son evolution et introduit un nouveau modele spatial montrant que la morphologie metropolitaine est en train de changer. Vient ensuite une synthese analytique, fondee sur la theorie geographique et les resultats empiriques, de ce qui est etiquete ici comme etant la 'nouvelle Metropolis'. Un element cle de la nouvelle Metropolis est sa grande echelle, qui facilite l'emergence d'une structure urbaine trans-metropolitaine encore plus vaste - 'la region megapolitaine'. La geographie megapolitaine est decrite et inclut une typologie afin de montrer les variations entre les regions. L'article se termine en suggerant que la Metropolis post-moderne eclatee est peut-etre en train de laisser la place a une region etendue neo-moderne dans laquelle les nouvelles formes de reseaux et de connectivite spatiale reintegrent l'espace urbain. Morphologie metropolitaine Nouvelle metropolis Connectivite spatiale Region megapolitaine Modele spatial Metropolis americaine Lang R. und Knox P. K. Die neue Metropole: ein Uberdenken der Megalopole, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die Beziehung zwischen der Form, dem Massstab und der Konnektivitat von Metropolen untersucht. Es wird ein frischer Blick auf die erstmals von den Geografen Jean Gottmann, James Vance und Jerome Pickard vorgebrachte Idee geworfen, wonach die urbane Ausdehnung nicht zum Auseinanderreissen von Regionen fuhrt, sondern vielmehr zu neuen Arten von Verknupfungen. Zu Beginn des Aufsatzes werfen wir einen historischen Ruckblick auf die Entstehung der amerikanischen Metropole und fuhren ein neues raumliches Modell ein, in dem die sich wandelnde Morphologie der Metropole verdeutlicht wird. Als Nachstes stellen wir eine analytische Synthese vor, die auf der geografischen Theorie und den empirischen Ergebnissen im Zusammenhang mit dem hier als 'neue Metropole' bezeichneten Phanomen beruhen. Ein wesentliches Element der neuen Metropole liegt in ihrer gewaltigen Ausdehnung begrundet, welche das Entstehen einer noch grosseren transmetropolitanen Stadtstruktur begunstigt - der 'Megapolitanregion'. Es wird die megapolitane Geografie beschrieben, wozu auch eine Typologie gehort, mit der Abweichungen zwischen den einzelnen Regionen aufgezeigt werden. Wir schliessen unseren Beitrag mit der Vermutung, dass die fragmentierte postmoderne Metropole von einer neomodernen erweiterten Region abgelost werden konnte, in der neue Formen von Netzwerken und raumliche Konnektivitat den urbanen Raum neu integrieren. Metropolitane Morphologie Neue Metropole Raumliche Konnektivitat Megapolitanregion Raummodell Amerikanische Metropole Lang R. y Knox P. K. La nueva metropolis: remodelar la megalopolis, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos la relacion entre la forma, escala y conectividad metropolitanas. Revisamos la primera idea que aportaron los geografos Jean Gottmann, James Vance y Jerome Pickard de que la expansibilidad urbana no separa a las regiones sino que produce nuevos tipos de vinculos. En este ensayo hacemos primero una revision historica de los cambios en la metropolis americana e introducimos un nuevo modelo espacial que muestra los cambios en la morfologia metropolitana. A continuacion aportamos una sintesis analitica basada en la teoria geografica y los resultados empiricos de lo que aqui denominamos la 'nueva metropolis'. Un elemento clave de la nueva metropolis es su amplia escala que facilita la aparicion de una estructura urbana transmetropolitana aun mas grande: la 'region megapolitana'. Describimos la geografia megapolitana e incluimos una topologia para mostrar las diferentes variaciones entre las regiones. Terminamos sugiriendo que la metropolis postmoderna y fragmentada podria dar paso a una region neomoderna ampliada donde las nuevas formas de redes y conectividad espacial reintegren el espacio urbano. Morfologia metropolitana Nueva metropolis Conectividad espacial Region megapolitana Modelo espacial Metropolis americana

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Lang & Paul Knox, 2009. "The New Metropolis: Rethinking Megalopolis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(6), pages 789-802.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:6:p:789-802
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701654251
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Blanca Arellano Ramos & Josep Roca, 2015. "Megalopolis: An assay for the identification of the world urban mega-structures," ERSA conference papers ersa15p736, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Tony Champion & Mike Coombes, 2012. "Is Pennine England becoming more Polycentric or more Centripetal? An Analysis of Commuting Flows in a Transforming Industrial Region, 1981-2001," SERC Discussion Papers 0105, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    3. Antti Vasanen, 2013. "Spatial Integration and Functional Balance in Polycentric Urban Systems: A Multi-Scalar Approach," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 104(4), pages 410-425, September.
    4. Evert Meijers & Martijn Burger & Michiel Meeteren & Zachary Neal & Ben Derudder, 2016. "Disentangling agglomeration and network externalities: A conceptual typology," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(1), pages 61-80, March.
    5. Antonio G. Calafati & Paolo Veneri, 2013. "Re-defining the Boundaries of Major Italian Cities," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(5), pages 789-802, May.
    6. repec:bla:ijurrs:v:40:y:2016:i:3:p:679-701 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:bla:tvecsg:v:108:y:2017:i:4:p:438-455 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Champion, Tony & Coombes, Mike, 2012. "Is Pennine England becoming more Polycentric or more Centripetal? an analysis of commuting flows in a transforming industrial region, 1981-2001," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58464, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1588-:d:146565 is not listed on IDEAS

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