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Conceptual Framework for Regional Competitiveness

  • Leslie Budd
  • Amer Hirmis
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    Budd L. and Hirmis A. K. (2004) Conceptual framework for regional competitiveness, Regional Studies38, 1007-1020. The concept of territorial competitiveness has gained ground in academic, policy and practitioner circles. In particular, urban competitiveness has generated a large literature. However, there is a danger that competitiveness at a territorial level becomes a conceptual chimera. The essential problem is that territorially based actors and agencies seek to position and maintain the utility of their regions and subregions by reference to a set of measures and indicators that are conceptually suspect and often empirically weak. The degree to which regions compete depends on a manifold set of factors. The paper proposes a conceptual framework for regional competitiveness based on combining the competitive advantage of firms and the comparative advantage of a regional economy. The conceptual transmission mechanism to regional competitiveness combines Liebenstein's theory of 'X-inefficiency' and agglomeration economies. The paper begins with a review of competitiveness and its literature. It then investigates the regional balance of payment constraint in the absence of a real regional exchange rate. In conclusion, it asks whether the conceptual approach was appropriate for a study of benchmarking indicators for the London region in comparison with other metropolises.Budd L. et Hirmis A. K. (2004) La competitivite regionale: un cadre conceptuel, Regional Studies38, 1007-1020. Dans les milieux intellectuels, de politique generale et professionnels, la notion de competitivite territoriale a gagne du terrain. En particulier, la competitivite urbaine a suscite une documentation importante. Cependant, il y a un risque que la competitivite devienne une chimere conceptuelle sur le plan geographique. Le probleme primordial c'est que les acteurs et les organismes territoriaux cherchent a positionner et a maintenir l'utilite des regions et des sous-regions par rapport a un ensemble de mesures et d'indicateurs conceptuellement douteux et souvent empiriquement faibles. La competitivite des regions depend de nombreux facteurs. Cet article cherche a proposer un cadre conceptuel de la competitivite regionale fonde sur une combinaison de l'avantage competitif des entreprises et de l'avantage comparatif d'une economie regionale. Le mecanisme de transmission conceptuel de la competitivite regionale combine la theorie de l'innefficience X d'apres Liebenstein et les economies d'agglomeration. Primo, l'article fait la critique de la competitivite et de la documentation correspondante. Il s'ensuit une etude de la contrainte regionale en l'absence d'un taux de change regional reel. Pour conclure, l'article pose la question suivante: l'approche conceptuelle, est-elle appropriee a l'etude des points de repere relatifs a Londres et ses environs par rapport a d'autres metropoles?Budd L. und Hirmis A. K. (2004) Ein begrifflicher Rahmen fur regionalen Wettbewerb, Regional Studies 38, 1007-1020. Der Begriff eines regional gepragten Konkurrenzgeistes hat in akademischen, politischen und Praktikerkreisen an Boden gewonnen. Besonders der stadtische Konkurrenzgeist hat eine umfangreiche Literatur erzeugt. Es besteht jedoch Gefahr, dass Konkurrenzgeist auf Gebietsebene zur begrifflichen Schimare wird. Das Grundproblem ist, dass gebietsgebundene Spieler und Agenturen bestrebt sind, die Nutzlichkeit ihrer Regionen und Teilregionen durch Hinweis auf eine Reihe von Massnahmen und Messlatten zu positionieren und zu erhalten, die begrifflich verdachtig sind und empirisch auf unsicheren Fussen stehen. Das Ausmass der Konkurrenz unter Regionen hangt von einem Bundel vielfaltiger Faktoren ab. Dieser Aufsatz schlagt einen begrifflichen Rahmen fur regionale Konkurrenz vor, der sich auf ein Durchkammen der Wettbewerbsvorteile von Firmen und auch die vergleichbaren Vorteile eine Regionalwirtschaft stutzt. Der begriffliche Mechanismus der ubertragung auf einen regionalen Konkurrenzgeist verbindet Liebensteins Theorie der 'X- Unwirksamkeit' mit Ballungswirtschaften. Der Aufsatz bringt zuerst einen uberblick uber Konkurrenz und ihre Literatur. Dann untersucht er die regionalen Bilanzbeschrankungen im Lichte des Fehlens eines echten regionalen Wechselkurses. Abschliessend wird die Frage aufgeworfen, ob der begriffliche Ansatz der Autoren fur eine Untersuchung der Massstabsindikatoren der Region London im Vergleich zu anderen Metropolen geeignet war.Budd L. y Hirmis A. K. (2004) Un marco conceptual para la competitividad regional, Regional Studies38, 1007-1020. El concepto de competitividad territorial ha ganado terreno en circulos academicos, de politica y practicantes. En particular, el concepto de competitividad urbana ha generado una extensa literatura. Sin embargo, existe el riesgo de que la competitividad a nivel territorial se convierta en una quimera conceptual. El principal problema radica en que los actores y los organos territoriales aspiran a posicionar y a mantener la polivalencia de sus regiones y sub-regiones tomando como referencia un conjunto de medidas e indicadores que son conceptualmente dudosos y sin mucho fundamento empirico. El grado hasta el cual las regiones compiten depende de multiples factores. Este articulo propone un marco conceptual para la competitividad regional basado en la combinacion de la ventaja competitiva de las empresas y la ventaja comparativa de una economia regional. El mecanismo de transmision conceptual a la competitividad regional combina la teoria de 'ineficiencia-X' de Liebenstein y las economias de aglomeracion. El articulo comienza con una revision del concepto de competitividad y la literatura existente en torno a dicho concepto. A continuacion investiga la restriccion de balance regional en la ausencia de un tasa de cambio regional real. Por ultimo, el articulo plantea la cuestion de si nuestro enfoque conceptual fue el apropiado para un estudio de indicadores comparativos para la region de Londres en comparacion a otras metropolis.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1015-1028

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:38:y:2004:i:9:p:1015-1028
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