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The Polycentric Urban Region: A Closer Inspection


  • John Parr


Parr J. B. (2004) The polycentric urban region: a closer inspection, Reg. Studies38, 231-240. The concept of the polycentric urban region (PUR) is one that has gained considerable currency over the last decade. Nevertheless, a certain vagueness continues to surround the concept. A set of conditions is outlined that would need to be satisfied before a PUR could reasonably be said to exist. The PUR is contrasted with other types of region, and various forms of the PUR are then briefly reviewed. Consideration is next given to the supposed economic advantages of the PUR. This is followed by a discussion of the extent to which the concept of the PUR has emerged as a focus in urban and regional policy. Parr J. B. (2004) Un examen plus approfondi de la region urbaine polycentrique, Reg. Studies38, 231-240. Pendant la derniere decennie, la notion de region urbaine polycentrique s'est repandue. Toujours est-il que cette notion s'entoure d'une certaine imprecision. On esquisse ici un ensemble de conditions qu'il faut satisfaire avant que l'on puisse legitimement confirmer l'existence d'une region urbaine polycentrique. On compare la region urbaine polycentrique aux autres typologies de regions et, ensuite, on reexamine brievement diverses formes de region urbaine polycentrique. Puis on considere les avantages economiques presumes de la region urbaine polycentrique. Il s'ensuit une discussion de la question suivante: jusqu'a quel point la notion de region urbaine polycentrique est-elle devenue le point central de la politique d'amenagement du territoire? Parr J. B. (2004) Die polyzentrische Stadtregion: eine eingehendere Untersuchung, Reg. Studies38, 231-240. Der Begriff der polyzentrischen Stadtregion (Polycentric Urban Region - PUR) ist ein Konzept, dessen Gebrauch im letzten Jahrzehnt betrachtlich zugenommen hat. Trotzdem bleibt ihm eine gewisse Unbestimmtheit anhaften. Es werden eine Reihe Bedingungen umrissen, die erfullt werden mussten, bevor man ernstlich behaupten kann, dass es tatsachlich eine PUR gibt. Die PUR wird anderen Regiontypen gegenubergestellt, und dem schliesst sich eine kurze Besprechung verschiedener Formen der PUR an. Sodann wird uberlegt, was fur wirtschaftliche Vorteile den PUR zugeschrieben werden konnen. Der Aufsatz schliesst mit einer Diskussion des Ausmasses, in dem der Begriff der PUR zu einem Kernstuck der Stadt-und Regionalpolitik geworden ist. Parr J. B. (2004) La region urbana policentrica: un examen mas detallado, Reg. Studies38, 231-240. El concepto de region urbana policentrica (RUP) es un concepto que se ha puesto considerablemente de actualidad en la ultima decada. No obstante, este concepto continua rodeado de una cierta vaguedad. Se enumeran una serie de condiciones que necesitarian ser satisfechas antes de que se pudiera afirmar de forma razonable que existe una RUP. La RUP se contrasta con otros tipos de regiones, y varias formas de la RUP son luego brevemente revisadas. A continuacion se examinan las supuestas ventajas economicas de la RUP. Se prosigue con un examen de hasta que punto el concepto de la RUP ha emergido como objetivo de politicas urbanas y regionales.

Suggested Citation

  • John Parr, 2004. "The Polycentric Urban Region: A Closer Inspection," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(3), pages 231-240.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:38:y:2004:i:3:p:231-240 DOI: 10.1080/003434042000211114

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Franz, Peter & Hornych, Christoph, 2009. "Political Institutionalisation and Economic Specialisation in Polycentric Metropolitan Regions – The Case of the East-German ‘Saxony Triangle’," IWH Discussion Papers 6/2009, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
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    12. David F. Batten, 2011. "The Creative Potential of Network Cities," Chapters,in: Handbook of Creative Cities, chapter 14 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Fabiano COMPAGNUCCI, 2009. "Dai Sistemi Locali del Lavoro alle Citta': verso un nuovo algoritmo di regionalizzazione," Working Papers 335, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    14. Martijn J. Burger & Evert J. Meijers & Marloes M. Hoogerbrugge & Jaume Masip Tresserra, 2015. "Borrowed Size, Agglomeration Shadows and Cultural Amenities in North-West Europe," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 1090-1109, June.
    15. Boris A. Portnov & Moshe Schwartz, 2009. "Urban Clusters As Growth Foci," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 287-310.
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    18. Kauffmann, Albrecht, 2012. "Delineation of City Regions Based on Commuting Interrelations: The Example of Large Cities in Germany," IWH Discussion Papers 4/2012, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    19. Volgmann, Kati, 2012. "Neue Kerne in metropolitanen Räumen: Polyzentrische Strukturen und Funktionen im Metropolraum Rhein-Ruhr," Arbeitsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze,in: Polyzentrale Stadtregionen - Die Region als planerischer Handlungsraum, pages 203-216 Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften.
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    21. Kristin Kronenberg & Kati Volgmann, 2014. "Knowledge-intensive employment change in the Dutch Randstad and the German Rhine-Ruhr area: comparable patterns of growth and decline in two metropolitan regions?," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 34(1), pages 39-60, February.
    22. Davide Burgalassi & Tommaso Luzzati, 2015. "Urban spatial structure and environmental emissions: a survey of the literature and some empirical evidence for Italian NUTS-3 regions," Discussion Papers 2015/199, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.


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