IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/taf/oxdevs/v40y2012i1p119-137.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Measuring Openness: VADE, Not Trade

Author

Listed:
  • Mehrene Larudee

Abstract

The ratio of trade (exports plus imports) to GDP is often used to gauge the orientation of a country's economic activity to the world market; but GDP measures value added, whereas trade is measured as gross value and double-counts imported inputs embodied in exports. High trade/GDP ratios can thus mislead policymakers, especially when low domestic-content (DC) assembly production displaces high DC traditional exports, as in Mexico and the Caribbean in the 1980s and 1990s. This paper proposes a better measure of openness, which is the ratio of value added destined for exports (VADE) to GDP. It outlines methods for making both rough and more precise estimates of VADE, and presents illustrative results for China, the Dominican Republic and Mexico. In all of these cases VADE/GDP is no more than one-third, and probably closer to one-quarter, of trade/GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehrene Larudee, 2012. "Measuring Openness: VADE, Not Trade," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 119-137, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:oxdevs:v:40:y:2012:i:1:p:119-137
    DOI: 10.1080/13600818.2011.648372
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/13600818.2011.648372
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Rosario Cervantes-Martínez & Jorge Villaseñor-Becerra & Martín Romero-Morett, 2016. "NAFTA trade (and some extra NAFTA trade) in value added and its distribution, 1995–2011," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 5(1), pages 1-22, December.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:oxdevs:v:40:y:2012:i:1:p:119-137. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: http://www.tandfonline.com/CODS20 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.