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Work experience and the gender earnings gap


  • Sylvia Dixon


Although the gender wage gap has narrowed somewhat during the past two decades, concerns are often expressed about its size and persistence. This paper explores the components of the gap in 1997-98, giving particular attention to the contribution of male-female differences in past paid work experience. Two new methods are used to impute measures of women's work experience within HES and NZIS employee samples. Results from wage gap decompositions suggest that between one-quarter and two thirds of the gender gap in average hourly earnings is due to male-female differences in educational level and work experience. Between 40 and 80 percent of the gap can be accounted for when information on occupation and industry of employment is also included.

Suggested Citation

  • Sylvia Dixon, 2001. "Work experience and the gender earnings gap," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(2), pages 152-174.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:nzecpp:v:35:y:2001:i:2:p:152-174
    DOI: 10.1080/00779950109544337

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