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Demographic, Residential, and Socioeconomic Effects on the Distribution of Nineteenth-Century White Body Mass Index Values

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  • SCOTT ALAN CARSON

Abstract

Little research exists on the body mass index (BMI) values of nineteenth-century Americans of European descent. Examination of a new body mass index data set and robust statistical analysis yields the following conclusion: between 1860 and 1880, BMIs decreased across the distribution; however, after 1880, BMIs in the highest quantiles increased, while those in lower BMI quantiles continued to decrease. Late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century white BMIs increased at older ages in higher quantiles and decreased in lower quantiles, indicating significant net biological disparity by age. During industrialization, white BMIs were lower in Kentucky, Missouri, and urban Philadelphia.

Suggested Citation

  • Scott Alan Carson, 2012. "Demographic, Residential, and Socioeconomic Effects on the Distribution of Nineteenth-Century White Body Mass Index Values," Mathematical Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 147-157, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:mpopst:v:19:y:2012:i:3:p:147-157
    DOI: 10.1080/08898480.2012.693849
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