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Identifying the Drivers of Social Entrepreneurial Impact: Theoretical Development and an Exploratory Empirical Test of SCALERS


  • Paul N. Bloom
  • Brett R. Smith


The scaling of social entrepreneurial impact is an important issue in the field of social entrepreneurship. While researchers have focused relatively little theoretical and empirical attention on scaling, a recently proposed set of drivers of scaling -- incorporated into what has been labeled the SCALERS model -- may provide guidance for new theoretical and empirical work on scaling of social impact. In this study, prior work on the drivers of scaling is extended by adding to the theoretical foundations upon which the SCALERS model is developed and by providing an initial empirical test of the SCALERS model. Initial empirical support is found for the SCALERS model of scaling social entrepreneurial impact.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul N. Bloom & Brett R. Smith, 2010. "Identifying the Drivers of Social Entrepreneurial Impact: Theoretical Development and an Exploratory Empirical Test of SCALERS," Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 126-145, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jsocen:v:1:y:2010:i:1:p:126-145
    DOI: 10.1080/19420670903458042

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    Cited by:

    1. Moon Gyu Kim & Ji-Hwan Lee & Taewoo Roh & Hosung Son, 2020. "Social Entrepreneurship Education as an Innovation Hub for Building an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: The Case of the KAIST Social Entrepreneurship MBA Program," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(22), pages 1-23, November.
    2. Brett R. Smith & Geoffrey M. Kistruck & Benedetto Cannatelli, 2016. "The Impact of Moral Intensity and Desire for Control on Scaling Decisions in Social Entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 133(4), pages 677-689, February.
    3. Andries, Petra & Daou, Alain & Verheyden, Laura, 2019. "Innovation as a vehicle for improving socially vulnerable groups’ access to basic provisions: A research note on the development of a questionnaire module," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 281-288.
    4. Alessandro Giudici & James G. Combs & Benedetto Lorenzo Cannatelli & Brett R. Smith, 2020. "Successful Scaling in Social Franchising: The Case of Impact Hub," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 44(2), pages 288-314, March.
    5. Kai Hockerts, 2017. "Determinants of Social Entrepreneurial Intentions," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, , vol. 41(1), pages 105-130, January.
    6. Idahosa Igbinakhase & Vannie Naidoo, 2018. "Organisational Capabilities and Replicating Successful Programs Designed to Empower Poor Youths: A Correlational Study," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 10(5), pages 89-99.
    7. Islam, Syrus M., 2020. "Towards an integrative definition of scaling social impact in social enterprises," Journal of Business Venturing Insights, Elsevier, vol. 13(C).
    8. Anna Kwiotkowska, 2022. "Organizational Capabilities and Social Entrepreneurship: A Fuzzy-set Approach," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 272-285.
    9. Xiao-Min Yu & Ke Chen & Jin-Tong Liu, 2022. "Exploring How Organizational Capabilities Contribute to the Performance of Social Enterprises: Insights from China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-20, April.
    10. Sophie Bacq & Kimberly A. Eddleston, 2018. "A Resource-Based View of Social Entrepreneurship: How Stewardship Culture Benefits Scale of Social Impact," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 152(3), pages 589-611, October.
    11. Kevin André & Anne-Claire Pache, 2016. "From Caring Entrepreneur to Caring Enterprise: Addressing the Ethical Challenges of Scaling up Social Enterprises," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 133(4), pages 659-675, February.
    12. Márcio Oliveira & Marlene Sousa & Rui Silva & Tânia Santos, 2021. "Strategy and Human Resources Management in Non-Profit Organizations: Its Interaction with Open Innovation," JOItmC, MDPI, vol. 7(1), pages 1-20, February.
    13. Liu, Wentong & Kwong, Caleb C.Y. & Kim, Young-Ah & Liu, Hongfei, 2021. "The more the better vs. less is more: Strategic alliances, bricolage and social performance in social enterprises," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 128-142.
    14. Katja Zajko & Barbara Bradač Hojnik, 2018. "Social Franchising Model as a Scaling Strategy for ICT Reuse: A Case Study of an International Franchise," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(9), pages 1-28, September.
    15. Roger SPEAR & Carman Ka Man CHAN, 2019. "Social Innovation - Scaling Social Impact: a Danish Case Study," CIRIEC Working Papers 1922, CIRIEC - Université de Liège.
    16. Syrus M Islam, 2022. "Social impact scaling strategies in social enterprises: A systematic review and research agenda," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 47(2), pages 298-321, May.
    17. Carlos Bazan & Hannah Gaultois & Arifusalam Shaikh & Katie Gillespie & Sean Frederick & Ali Amjad & Simon Yap & Chantel Finn & James Rayner & Nafisa Belal, 2020. "A systematic literature review of the influence of the university’s environment and support system on the precursors of social entrepreneurial intention of students," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 1-28, December.
    18. Busch, Christian & Barkema, Harry, 2022. "Align or perish: Social enterprise network orchestration in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 37(2).
    19. Song, Tianqi & Deng, Guosheng, 2020. "Technology and scaling up: Evidence from an NGO for adolescents with intellectual disabilities in China," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 119(C).
    20. De Beule, Filip & Klein, Martin & Verwaal, Ernst, 2020. "Institutional quality and inclusive strategies at the base of the pyramid," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(5).
    21. Chaudhuri, Atanu & Prætorius, Thim & Narayanamurthy, Gopalakrishnan & Hasle, Peter & Pereira, Vijay, 2021. "Finding your feet in constrained markets: How bottom of pyramid social enterprises adjust to scale-up-technology-enabled healthcare delivery," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 173(C).

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