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Foreign acquisition and post-privatization exit of state-owned firms

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  • Grzegorz Pac

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of foreign and domestic ownership on the exit rates of privatized state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in transitional countries. The exit of privatized SOEs can have a profound impact on employment and on the development of local economies of transitional countries. An oligopoly model that incorporates country-level trade costs and individual SOE's productivity is developed to assess the exit of SOEs under either foreign or domestic ownership. The model shows that market competition between firms can lead to liquidation of the SOE by a domestic firm when trade costs increase. When the productivity of SOE is high, neither foreign nor domestic firm will liquidate. The predictions of the model are tested using firm-level privatization data from Central and Eastern Europe. By controlling for productivity, trade costs, and other attributes of SOEs after privatization, it is found that foreign ownership significantly reduces the probability of SOE's exit as compared to domestic ownership. Furthermore, there is evidence that as trade costs increase, the exit probability of domestically owned SOEs increases and the exit probability of foreign-owned SOEs declines.

Suggested Citation

  • Grzegorz Pac, 2014. "Foreign acquisition and post-privatization exit of state-owned firms," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 540-577, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:23:y:2014:i:4:p:540-577
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2013.764919
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