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A conceptual model of the citizen stream stewardship decision process in an urbanising Midwestern United States watershed


  • Deborah Kay Hersha
  • Robyn Suzanne Wilson
  • Anne Mary Baird


We present a conceptual model depicting how citizens make decisions to promote stream health. The model, based on a combination of local expert opinion and substantive literature, serves as a foundation for assessing citizen knowledge gaps and decision influences, with the ultimate goal of designing more informed communication efforts. The model indicates that decisions are directly influenced by the recognition of a threat and need to act, as well as the legal requirement to act regardless of personal concern. The recognition of a threat is dependent on understanding the ecosystem and the threats and impacts to stream health, as well as a variety of individual differences and socio-cultural factors that motivate individuals to better understand the risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Deborah Kay Hersha & Robyn Suzanne Wilson & Anne Mary Baird, 2012. "A conceptual model of the citizen stream stewardship decision process in an urbanising Midwestern United States watershed," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(2), pages 253-270, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:55:y:2012:i:2:p:253-270
    DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2011.592001

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