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Transformative learning theory, public involvement, and natural resource and environmental management


  • Alan Diduck
  • A. John Sinclair
  • Glen Hostetler
  • Patricia Fitzpatrick


This paper reviews studies of transformative learning through public involvement in natural resource and environmental management (NREM). It summarises evidence regarding instrumental, communicative, transformative and sustainability-oriented learning outcomes, and learning processes such as reflection, rational discourse and applying new frames of references in individual and social action. The paper discusses the implications for the design of NREM and public involvement, and presents a new framework connecting non-formal education, involvement in NREM, transformative learning and sustainability. The paper concludes with suggestions for promising future research, such as scaling up transformative learning in the context of NREM, including examining potential complementarities with leading models of social and organisational learning.

Suggested Citation

  • Alan Diduck & A. John Sinclair & Glen Hostetler & Patricia Fitzpatrick, 2011. "Transformative learning theory, public involvement, and natural resource and environmental management," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(10), pages 1311-1330, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:55:y:2011:i:10:p:1311-1330
    DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2011.645718

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