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The Anatomy of the Creative City


  • Patrick Cohendet
  • David Grandadam
  • Laurent Simon


The aim of this contribution is to depict and analyze the dynamics of situated creativity by presenting an anatomy of the creative city and an understanding of the emergence and formation of creative processes in these particular local ecologies of knowledge. We propose to study the anatomy of the creative city by defining three different layers—the upperground, the middleground and the underground—as the basic components of the creative processes in local innovative milieus. Each one of these layers intervenes with specific characteristics in the creative process, and enables new knowledge to transit from an informal micro-level to a formal macro-level. In order to illustrate this point of view, the creative city of Montreal is analyzed through two main case studies: Ubisoft and the Cirque du Soleil.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Cohendet & David Grandadam & Laurent Simon, 2010. "The Anatomy of the Creative City," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 91-111.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:17:y:2010:i:1:p:91-111
    DOI: 10.1080/13662710903573869

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    Cited by:

    1. Claussen, Jörg & Falck, Oliver & Grohsjean, Thorsten, 2012. "The strength of direct ties: Evidence from the electronic game industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 223-230.
    2. Mohamad Taghi Toghraee & Mahsa Monjezi, 2017. "Introduction to Cultural Entrepreneurship: Cultural Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 7(4), pages 67-73.
    3. Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay & Angélo Battaglia, 2013. "A comparative approach to doing research on cities: comparing North American cities to others," Chapters, in: Peter Karl Kresl & Jaime Sobrino (ed.),Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Urban Economies, chapter 5, pages 97-126, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Aurélie LALANNE & Guillaume POUYANNE, 2012. "Ten years of metropolization in economics: a bibliometric approach (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA (2007-2019) 2012-11, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée (GREThA).
    5. Guy Baudelle & Gerhard Krauss & Clément Marinos & Raphaël Suire, 2018. "Les tiers-lieux de ville moyenne, entre accès aux ressources et dynamisation des territoires : Présentation des résultats du Projet INTIMIDE," Post-Print halshs-01807990, HAL.
    6. Roberto Antonietti, 2011. "From creativity to innovativeness: micro evidence from Italy," Openloc Working Papers 1117, Public policies and local development.
    7. Muilu Toivo & Kotavaara Niina, 2011. "Diffusion, social structure and functioning of scientific rural networks: comparison of European and Finish examples," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 3(1), pages 66-82, January.
    8. Rammer, Christian & Kinne, Jan & Blind, Knut, 2016. "Microgeography of innovation in the city: Location patterns of innovative firms in Berlin," ZEW Discussion Papers 16-080, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    9. Maria Della Lucia, 2014. "La multidimensionalità dello sviluppo locale culture-led. laboratori territoriali di sperimentazione," MERCATI E COMPETITIVIT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2014(4), pages 85-107.
    10. Patrick Cohendet & David Grandadam & Chahira Mehouachi & Laurent Simon, 2018. "The local, the global and the industry common: the case of the video game industry," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(5), pages 1045-1068.
    11. Mickael Benaim & Jean-Alain Héraud & Valérie Mérindol, 2016. "Scientific connectivity of European regions: towards a typology of cooperative schemes," Journal of Innovation Economics, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 155-176.
    12. James Boyer, 2020. "Toward an Evolutionary and Sustainability Perspective of the Innovation Ecosystem: Revisiting the Panarchy Model," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(8), pages 1-17, April.
    13. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2015. "Récents enseignements de la théorie des réseaux en faveur de la politique et du management des clusters," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 91-119.
    14. Julie Ren & Jason Luger, 2015. "Comparative Urbanism and the ‘Asian City': Implications for Research and Theory," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(1), pages 145-156, January.
    15. Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson, 2015. "Rethinking ideation: a cognitive approach of innovation lock-ins," Post-Print hal-01132377, HAL.


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