Cartels, Spontaneous Price Discrimination and International Pharmacy Retailing
This paper examines the nature of pharmacy retail distribution in several different countries. Evidence in the market place supports the view that innovations in distribution technology are or could be plentiful; conversely, because of institutional rigidities bolstered by law, retail pharmacists in many countries are successfully participating in a cartel-like environment where those innovations are retarded. The outcome is often perverse. Retailers do not achieve economies of scale (a common argument in favour of cartels), while consumers do not experience the lower prices resulting from inter-firm rivalry (a common argument in favour of diffuse ownership)
Volume (Year): 4 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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