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The Long Emergence of a Modern Insurance Industry in China


  • Xiaohong Wu
  • Thomas Hout
  • Michael Enright


From 1949 through 1979, China had no insurance industry, as the state self-insured. Government policy was cautious and growth slow for the next 15 years, but since the early 1990s the pace of policy change has accelerated and the industry has grown at more than twice the gross domestic product. Nevertheless, the industry's development and market penetration, particularly in general insurance, remains extremely low by international standards, and continues to be retarded by a mix of forces. This paper examines the drivers for and against the long emergence of China's insurance industry, followed by a projection of the future development of the industry in China.

Suggested Citation

  • Xiaohong Wu & Thomas Hout & Michael Enright, 2005. "The Long Emergence of a Modern Insurance Industry in China," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 181-200.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:glecrv:v:34:y:2005:i:2:p:181-200
    DOI: 10.1080/12265080500117590

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